They are of Australian and Dravidian species. Assam Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal on Monday said his government is working to ensure equal development of all communities in the state. Rabha is a little known Scheduled Tribe community of West Bengal and Assam. Among many tribes, the design of the shawl denotes the social status of the wearer. The credit to growing this cash crop goes to the tribes that toil day and night to bring about the production. Republic of india by the Legislature of Assam, as follows Short title extent and commence- ment, Definitions, 2. We also want a separate autonomous council for the tea tribes. Bodo Kachari. Public feasting and elaborate dances are organized to mark this festival. The Assam Tribune reported in 2009 that the tribal communities of Assam now officially account for 15.64 percent of the total population. Unlike most hill-people, shifting or jhum cultivation is not as widely practiced by the Singphos, although tea is widely planted. Tipra- Jamatia, Bru , Mogs, Uchai, Noatia, Debbarma. Addressing a huge gathering on the occasion of the 70th death anniversary of Jyoti Prasad Agarwala observed in the state as Silpi Divas, Bhattacharya said there is an … tribes. It is believed that one has to perform the ceremony to bring peace in the family. They live in almost every district of Assam but their density varies according to the number of tea plantations in different regions of Assam. As Saikia (2008: 321) points out: Different types of tribes are famous for variety of handicrafts. The Deori live along the Brahmaputra River, they are primarily located in the states of Assam, Nagaland, and Arunachal Pradesh. Garo, 5. Wandering deep into the state, let us have a look at the artistic dresses of few of the major tribes that reside in Assam. Mostly concentrated in Bastar region. Apart from Jhumur, they also possess other numerous dance forms like Santhali dance, Chhau dance, Karam naach, and Sambalpuria dance which are performed during different occasions. These tours have been designed and developed based on our on-ground team’s real discoveries and expeditions in the northeastern states and beyond. Bodo Tribe. Abhor: These tribes are found in Arunachal Pradesh and Assam. PAO, MEO and LEO are the descendants of POU. The major tribes of West Bengal, the Santhal tribes are mostly found in Purulia and Bankura districts other than the parts of Bihar, Odisha, Assam and Jharkhand. Since hills tribes living in the plains and plains tribes living in the hills in large numbers are not recognised as scheduled tribes in the respective places, the census data may not reflect the correct figures. Dimasa means “Children of the Big River” Dilao (the Bhramaputra River actually). Bison Horn Maria: one of the well-known tribal groups. But the tea tribes were left out. Ali-Ai-Ligang, the most colourful, is the spring festival and Porag is the post-harvest festival. That the Bodo-Kacharis were early colonizers of the river valleys is taken from the fact that most of the rivers in the Brahmaputra valley today carry Tibeto-Burman names—Dibang, Dihang, Dikhou, Dihing and others, where Di- means water in Dimasa dialect of Tibeto-Burman speaking language. The historical role of Gobha and the Tiwas as mediators between plains and hills in Central Assam is enacted every year during an old fair, the Jonbeel mela. As a result, the population now is predominantly Vaishnawi. Weaving is a tradition handed down through generations in Nagaland and each tribe has their own intricately designed costumes, headgear and jewellery. Some live in Jaintia hills in Meghalaya and the Peren district in Nagaland. Tantis, Kurmis, Karmakar, Telis and other castes are also present among them. Each of these tribes has its own unique culture, tradition, lifestyle and clothing. It is also found in the states of Bengal, Assam. The former is celebrated before the Jhum cultivation starts in winter and again in the summer, just prior to the planting of rice. Like most tribal communities, dance and music play an important part in the lives of the Rabhas. The main festival of Mishing tribe is Ali-Lye-Ligangin the month of February which is the harvest festival. These people not only constitute a sizable chunk of the population in the State but also play major role in tea production of the State (about 53% of the total tea production of the country) and this contributes to the economy of the State. Bihus are the main festival of the Sonowal Kacharis. Solaimiya and 19. They are known as tea and ex-tea garden tribes, who are recognized as Other Backward Classes (OBC) by the Government. These peoples already have ST status in the states they originally came from — in Assam, they are clubbed together as ‘Tea garden labourers, Tea garden tribes, Ex-Tea garden labourers & Ex-Tea garden tribes’. Christianity accounts for 3.7%, and other religions like Buddhism, Jainism are less than 1%. All tribes has their own music hence, indigenous musical instruments, used in different festivals. The Bodos are an uneducated tribe and therefore, they are financially unstable. Specifically speaking their homes are located in the districts of Bankura and Purulia. They speak a Tibeto-Burman language of the Bodo-Garo group. Santhal Tribe. And because of geographic unity and acceptability to change and mix, they added quintessence to Assamese folk music, thus forming the soul of it. The Mishing Tribe belonging to Tibeto Burmese group have agriculture as their occupation. The Santhal tribes are a major tribe of West Bengal. The Tai Phake people were believed to have migrated from the Shan kingdom, Myanmar and settled in the rich south bank of the Dihing river in Assam in the 18th century. The speak Bodo language that is derived Tibeto Burmese family of language. The spread of English education introduced the Kuki People to the modern era. In this way, their tea can be kept for years without losing its flavor. It's as if people cross the threshold to come together with festive abandon and momentarily forget their tough lives. Jhumur – A Dance Style of Tea Tribes . Assam covers an area of 78,438 km 2 (30,285 sq mi). The origin of the tribal groups which exist in Assam can be traced within the Negritos, Dravidian, Alpines, Tibeto-Burmese and Aryan race which travelled from far off areas and settled in the centrally located regions of Assam. They are entirely dependent on agriculture for their livelihood. The Bodos are one of the most prominent tribes of Assam and belong to the Bodo-Kachari clan. They are of Australian and Dravidian species. Go To Assam Geography Notes & Study Materials                                                                  Go To APSC Sociology Notes, Environment & Ecology e-Book PDF | Geography of Assam e-Book PDF, APSC Assam Geography Notes & Study Materials. Madani, 9.Mahalia, 10. Rabha, 15. They are predominantly inhabitants of the Dhemaji, Lakhimpur, Tinisukia and Dibrugarh districts of Assam. Phulgaria, 14. The Singpho also depended on yams and other edible tubers as their staple food. Bodo People were one … Topography. Like the Khampti, the Singpho are mainly Theravada Buddhist by religion. Enviroment and materials. The Sakachep celebrate different festivals which are connected with the worshiping of different gods and goddess during the year. In the past, the Rabhas practiced shifting or jhum cultivation. Today they constitute a large part of Assam population accounting to around 5.3%. The seasonal festivals are Baisagu, Domashi, and Katrigacha. Lalung(Tiwa), 8. Each of these tribes has its own unique culture, tradition, lifestyle and clothing. The forest Rabhas follow traditional animistic practices tinged with some rituals of mainstream Hinduism. On a fullmoon day in February, they celebrate the Poi Mai-ko-chum-fai festival, where countless small piles of wood and hay are constructed on the banks of a sandy river and then set on fire by the people after prayers are initiated by monks in the evening. Assam (/ æ s ˈ s æ m, ə ˈ s æ m /, Assamese: ()) is a state in northeastern India, situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys. Their culture and traditions along with their language is very unique for the outsiders as they really wonder about the Assamese of this north eastern state. Every ritual they perform is accompanied by a dance to ingratiate their deities. The main occupation of the Tai Phake people is agriculture and fishing. The Bodo speak in a Tibeto-Burmese language and they read and write in Devanagari. The Sonowal Kacharis belong to the Mongoloid race of people. Mising women are renowned for their weaving art, crafting shawls and blankets among beautiful other handlooms. The houses are built in two facing rows with a timber superstructure, mud-plastered bamboo walls, and a thatched roof. Assamese language is used as the lingua franca by almost all the tribes. Major tribes among them are the Munda tribe followed by Santhals, Kurukh, Gonds, Kharia, Saora, Bhumij, Kui Kanda, Chik Baraik, and Gowalas. These group is also known as, UPSC Recruitment 2019 – Apply Online for IES/ ISS Exam (65 posts), APSC Mains Answer Writing Practice Questions – Set 31 (for Week 25 – 31 Mar 2019). In India they reside in the district of Lohit and Changlang in Arunachal Pradesh and in Assam they inhabit the district of Tinsukia and some districts of Sivasagar, Jorhat and Golaghat. The Deori or Deuri are one of the major ethnic tribes of arunachal pradesh and assam, India. Go To Assam Geography Notes & Study Materials                            Go To APSC Sociology Notes & Study Materials. The perfect fusion if heritage of tribes and subtribes has made Assam the home of the most colorful festivals. Several itineraries bring you to Majuli, where you can interact with the Mising, the Kachari and Deori people. The ‘Hacha Kekan’ is celebrated at the end of the planting season and the dance performed at the harvesting festival is lively and eye-catching. Their lifestyle and habitat closely resemble the other tribes of the Chin, Kuki or Mizo Community. Thus Bushu is an occasion for relaxation from hard work and is termed as harvesting festival or a festival of rejoicing and merry makinliving mostly in Dima Hasao in Assam, they are also met in several other districts of Assam, as well as in Nagaland and Manipurg. A major part of Assam’s population comes from the tea tribes. They are mentioned as Mikir in the constitution of India. They made Assam there home and came to be known as Asamese. Assam, and the Jaintia Kingdom. Sonowal, while speaking at the 73rd foundation day of the Assam Tea Tribes Students' Association (ATTSA), said that within three months of coming to power in the state, his government had organised 'Sahodor' programme with over 70 … Chief sub caste of ethnic community called Gond. Boro, 2. The Bodos have their own set of festivals which are either seasonal, religious, ritualistic or ceremonial. The main festival of Mishing tribe is, Residing in Dirugarh and Tinsukia district of Assam, along Dihing river. The celebrations are held in the month of April. Their culture and traditions along with their language is very unique for the outsiders as they really wonder about the Assamese of this north eastern state. The Deori live in villages that are scattered along the river banks, and their homes are built on wooden or bamboo stilts facing the river. They speak language known as Mishing language. In Northeast India, they are present in all states except Arunachal Pradesh. Traditional Attires worn by the different Tribes of Assam. Rongker is a major festival of Assam. Though their production was great, frequent floods prevented them from climbing the economic ladder. The Dimasa people or Dimasa-Kachari are part of the greater Kachari group, one of the ancient Kachari tribes. We use cookies for fundamental functionalities and for analytics. In some dance forms, martial arts are displayed to convey their age-old rebellion against the British. One of the noted social peculiarities of the Deori is that entire extended family units live under one roof, until sometimes more than 100 people live in the same house. This festival is celebrated among the tribes known as the Karbis. The houses of the Tai Phakes are built on piles of wood above the ground using materials like takau leaves, timber and bamboo. Mising tribe moved to Arunachal Pradesh during the 8th century, actually coming from Northern territories through world’s highest lake : Manasa Sarovar. The Singpho produce their tea by plucking the tender leaves and drying them in the sun and exposing to the night dew for three days and nights. These three festivals run parallel to the Bihu festival. The Bodo are a people mostly living in Assam in India, mainly in the north region of the Brahmaputra River Valley. Assam is the home to a variety of racial stocks such as Monogrid, Indo-Burmese, Indo-Iranian, and Aryan. A majority of the Assamese are Vaishnavas (a sect of Hinduism). Despite the wide use of Assamese language as the official language, each tribe speak their own. The people of Dimasa ... Ojapali, Devdasi, and Satriya are the major dancing styles of Assam. Singphos were the ones who gave British the idea of tea. The acceptance of Christianity marked a departure from ancestral customs and traditions. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. The tribes join to celebrate Rongali Bihu. Assamese language is used as the lingua franca by most of the tribes. A striking peculiarity of the Tiwa is their division into two sub-groups, Hill Tiwa and Plains Tiwas, displaying contrasting cultural features. This is around the same time as Baisakhi. The main objective of the festival is the cultural meet of all the groups of Deoris and to bring a permanent unity in diversity. These five minority tribes are clubbed together as “unrepresented tribes” mentioned in the above recommendation. Addressing a huge gathering on the occasion of the 70th death anniversary of Jyoti Prasad Agarwala observed in the state as Silpi Divas, Bhattacharya said there is an … The Deori are unusual in that they have managed to maintain their tribal identity by keeping themselves free from racial intermixture and intermarriage with other Bodo tribes. The Bodos originate from the edges of the Brahmaputra valley and they are amongst the most progressive tribes in India. We create real immersive experiences which allows deep connections with locals. Major tribes of Assam have their own rich cultural identity. The hilly tracks of Assam are mostly inhabited by the tribes of Mongolian origin. Negritos, Dravidians, Alpines, Tibeto Burmese and Aryans were the major races that made a settlement in Assam. Mishing Tribe of Assam. Deori Tribes: Deori tribe is a major part of tribal community of Assam. Agricultural is the principal occupation and main source of livelihood of the Dimasa Kacharis. This dance form doesn’t have its origin in Assam. Major tribes. Kacharis appear to be one of the earliest indigenous ethnic groups of north eastern India. Vernacular architecture of Tripura. These group is also known as Phakial and are a follower of Theravada Buddhism. They speak Assamese language as well as Phake language. Karbi tribe generally reside in hilly areas of Assam and form the major portion of population of Karbi Anglong district. Tattooing plays a major role among the Wancho tribe. The vast majority speak Assamese as their mother tongue and their religion share many elements with Assamese Hinduism. They are also scattered in the districts of Sibsagar, Jorhat, Golaghat and in Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh. Sonowal, 16.Sutiya, 17. Some Major Tribes of North Eastern India are :- 1.BODO TRIBE The Bodo Tribe is a vast tribe and shares a good number of populations in Assam. They brought these people as workers of tea gardens. They speak Assamese language as well as Phake language. Karbi. Later they permanently settled in Assam. Abujmaria Known variously as Abudjamadis, Abujmariya and Hill Maria, these tribes are found in the geographically inaccessible areas of Abujhmar Mountains and Kutrumar Hills in the Bastar district of Madhya Pradesh.They speak a Dravidian language called Abujmaria.The Hill Maria tribes are considered as a … And because of geographic unity and acceptability to change and mix, they added quintessence to Assamese folk music, thus forming the soul of it. Assam being a land of composite culture reflects a chain of festivals of different tribes throughout the year. The major issue is that in the last few decades, the tea tribe community in Assam has continued to languish in severe underdevelopment. 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