Desertification refers to land degradation in arid, semi-arid, and dry semi-humid areas resulting from various human impacts. Globally, the immediate consequence of desertification is the reduction of agricultural productivity and the resulting threat of famine, which has serious social and economic impact. Land degradation is the human-induced loss of biodiversity, productivity, … In colonial Africa, for example, the Federation of the Rhodesias and Nyasaland funded the largest ever soil conservation research program on the continent between 1953 and 1965 to investigate rates of erosion and runoff, as well as the effectiveness of conservation and types of land use. This calls for effective strategies and methods for its implementation, which requires the cooperation of specialists from many disciplines. For reasons outlined above, poor farmers are led to clear forest, cultivate steep slopes without conservation, overgraze rangelands, make unbalanced fertilizer applications, and the other causes noted above. Thus, there is a global interest not only in exploring the green technologies for remediation of such problematic soils but also in devising strategies for sustainable plant protection and improvement of crop yields. Unsustainable agricultural practices include: Soil degradation is a serious global environmental problem and may be exacerbated by climate change. Land degradation is defined as the temporary or permanent decline in the productive capacity of the land, and the diminution of the productive potential, including its major land uses (e.g., rain-fed arable, irrigation, forests), its farming systems (e.g., smallholder subsistence), and its value as an economic resource. Land degradation can cause or exacerbate poverty and inequality by ... in the agricultural sector [2]. However, the general lack of understanding and awareness about the root causes of land degradation persists, thus the slow progress in reversing the alarming trends of land degradation and land abandonment. The major causes of land degradation include, land clearance poor farming practices, overgrazing, inappropriate irrigation, urban sprawl, and commercial development, land pollution including industrial waste and quarrying of stone, sand and minerals. Land degradation may be caused by i.e. Biosurfactants are amphiphilic molecules which are mainly derived from plants and microorganisms. Asa L. Aradottir, Dagmar Hagen, in Advances in Agronomy, 2013. Ecological restoration is identified as one of several key activities that can reverse this trend (MEA, 2005a). FAO has a mandate to: support its member countries and partners in developing or reforming norms, standards and policies; provide technical advice; and implement national and local programmes through capacity development and technical knowledge management activities. The degradation comes from several sources but it is mainly from extensive agriculture. Land represents a key asset for the livelihoods of the rural poor, as it provides key resources such as food, energy, shelter, and ... agricultural and forestry practices, climate change, urban expansion, infrastructure development, and extractive industry [1]. Desertification (land degradation in drylands) is the loss of biological and economic productivity, and biodiversity in arid and semiarid croplands, pastures, rangelands, and subhumid woodlands of the world. ... India’s precarious groundwater situation, land degradation and the threat of climate change all together make CA a desirable proposition – at least if we intend to tackle these challenges without comprising our …