When she declined to leave her seat, a police officer was called. Viola Desmond was born July 6, 1914. Sometimes the limits were difficult to foresee. After being treated like a second class citizen, and losing her lawsuit, Viola Desmond is now on the Canadian $10 bill. Told that the repair would take a number of hours, she arranged for a hotel room and then decided to see a movie to pass the time. Meet Viola Desmond, 2018: t.p. Her mother, Gwendolin Irene (née Johnson) Davis, was the daughter of a white minister and his wife who had moved to Halifax from New Haven, Connecticut, U.S. Viola Desmond Family, Childhood, Life Achievements, Facts, Wiki and Bio of 2017. In 2010, forty-five years after her death, Viola Desmond was granted a free pardon from the province of Nova Scotia for the charges against her. Walking into the main floor seating area, she was challenged by the ticket taker, who told her that her ticket was for an upstairs seat, where she would have to move. Due to her actions in 1946, Nova Scotia, she sparked the Civil Rights Movement in Canada. To commemorate her fight for equality, Viola Desmond will be the first sole Canadian woman to be featured on Canadian currency (Bank of Canada, 2016). In 2010, Desmond was pardoned by Nova Scotia Lieutenant-Governor Mayann Francis. It was 64 years later, and 45 years after her death, before Desmond received her pardon from the Province of Nova Scotia. Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and other issues to the forefront. To kill time, she decided to go to a movie theatre. Cape Breton University is creating a Chair for Social Justice in her name, and need your support to make it happen. When she was refused admittance to Nova Scotia’s hairdressing school because of her race, Desmond was forced to move to Montreal, then On the evening of November 8, 1946, Desmond made an unplanned stop in the small community of New Glasgow after her car broke down en route to a business meeting in Sydney, Nova Scotia. After a 1946 incident in which Desmond was arrested for sitting in a “Whites Only” section of a theatre in New Glasgow, NS, she fought her conviction of defrauding the government of the difference in tax — one cent — between tickets in the racially-separated sections. Viola Desmond’s Steps to Success. https://www.thecelebritydeaths.com/viola-desmonds-death-cause-and-date "The Queen is in good company." The Viola Desmond Art Display can now be seen on the exterior of the former Roseland Theatre and is heading into its next, and final stage, of completion. (Viola Desmond) page 30 (Viola was born 1914 in Halifa, Nova Scotia; she died in 1965 in New York; in 2018, Viola appeared on Canada's ten-dollar bill; she was the first Canadian woman to appear alone on the front of a banknote) Viola Desmond - Viola Desmond - Trial: In the morning, Desmond was taken to court and charged with attempting to defraud the provincial government based on her alleged refusal to pay a one-cent amusement tax (i.e., the difference in tax between upstairs and downstairs ticket prices). While in New Glasgow, November 8 1946, her car had gotten ruined. “Viola Desmond’s own story reminds all of us that big change can start with moments of dignity and bravery. She represents courage, strength and determination—qualities we should all aspire to every day.” It was a long road to get Desmond on the bill. Beauty parlours became a centre of social contact within the Black community, allowing shop owners to achieve a position of status and authority. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The New Glasgow theatre, where almost 75 years ago Viola Desmond was famously arrested for sitting in a white section, is now adorned with art honouring her. Motivated by her parents’ example of hard work and community involvement, Desmond aspired to success as an independent businesswoman. Facebook 0 Twitter LinkedIn 0 0 Likes. 2 CARLTON STREET, EAST MEZZANINE, Desmond was dragged out of the theatre, injuring her hip and knee in the process, and taken to jail. It is made up of weaknesses and strengths, communities, and unrelenting support and kindness, constantly encouraging believers to chase their dreams. While she was getting her car fixed, Viola wanted to watch a movie. (Desmond created a line of beauty products, which were sold at venues owned by graduates of her beauty school.) Eli Yarhi is a Toronto-based writer and editor. Thinking that a mistake had been made, Desmond returned to the cashier and asked her to exchange the ticket for a downstairs one. Cape Breton University history professor Graham Reynolds writes about her in Viola Desmond’s Canada: A … Viola lived in 1910, at address , District of Columbia. Her mother was the daughter of a white minister and his wife. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Viola-Desmond, Nova Scotia Archives - Viola Irene Desmond, Illustrated Women in History — Viola Desmond, BlackPast.org - Biography of Viola Davis Desmond, Viola Desmond - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Nonetheless, her parents were accepted into the Black community, where they became active and prominent members of various community organizations. Viola Davis was born in Nova Scotia in 1914. In 1946, Desmond was arrested and convicted for sitting in a section reserved only for whites in a movie theater in New Glasgow. Today, Canadians are still recognizing the influence of Viola Desmond's bravery and ability to stand up for what is right. Desmond received a pardon posthumously in 2010, decades after her death. The cashier refused, saying, “I’m sorry, but I’m not permitted to sell downstairs tickets to you people.” Realizing that the cashier was referring to the colour of her skin, Desmond decided to take a seat on the main floor. From a young age, Viola dreamed of having her own business. She challenged racial discrimination at a theater in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia in 1946 by refusing to vacate an area of the theater that was unofficially "white-only". Enrollment in Desmond’s school grew rapidly, including students from New Brunswick and Quebec. In 1946, she challenged racial segregation practices at a cinema in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia by refusing to move from a whites-only area of the Roseland Theatre into the section unofficially set aside for non-white patrons. She died in 1965 and 45 years after her death she received an official pardon and apology from the governor of Nova Scotia. Even after her death, Viola Desmond’s story continued to inspire and change Canada. Her mother, Gwendolin Irene (Johnson) Davis was the daughter of a white minister and his wife. Viola Desmond will grace the banknote in 2018. Aware of her obligation to her community, Desmond created the school in order to provide training that would support the growth of employment for young Black women. Here is all you want to know, and more! Desmond opened Vi’s Studio of Beauty Culture in Halifax, catering to the Black community. In the early part of the 20th century, with the advent of new hairstyles that demanded special products and maintenance and an emphasis on fashion trends and personal grooming, beauty parlours offered opportunities for female entrepreneurs. In 1946, Desmond was arrested and convicted for sitting in a section reserved only for whites in a movie theater in New Glasgow. The pardon was the result of the hard work of Viola's sister, who had advocated for the cause for nearly a decade prior. Wanda Robson, sister of Viola Desmond, holds the new $10 bank note featuring Desmond during a press conference in Halifax on Thursday, March 8, 2018. In 1946 Desmond was removed from the Roseland Theatre in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia, for refusing to … “It’s unbelievable to think that my sister — a black woman — is on the $10 bill,” said Wanda Robson, the activist’s 91-year-old sister. Community, viola desmond Kenneth Ross October 2, 2020 Comment. He has written articles for such publications and online sites as. In 2012 Viola Desmond was honored by Canada Post with her image on a postage stamp, and on March 8, 2018 the new Canadian $10 bill with her image was introduced to the public. Viola was learning to become a teacher but when she got married to Jack Desmond, she started to work with him in a barber shop that was attached with a hair salon. The events of that night were a stepping stone towards ending segregation in Canada and are now being acknowledged by the Bank of Canada. Viola Desmond will grace the banknote in 2018. She was then held in a cell overnight. Viola Desmond was a human rights activist who stood up for the rights of black Canadians. In 2018, when one reaches for a $10 bill, one just might see Desmond’s image, accompanied by symbols of social justice and “the struggle for rights and freedoms” (Bank of Canada, 2016). She decided to abandon her business and move to Montreal and then New York City. Canadian businesswoman Viola Desmond was a beautician and a mentor to young black women through her beauty school in the province of Nova Scotia.She is perhaps best remembered, however, for refusing to move from a … Biography - A Short Wiki. Where did Viola Desmond live until her death in 1965? How many other provinces have a February holiday? Historic Collection/Alamy (1914–65). Desmond eventually relocated to Montreal to attend business school. People of colour couldn’t eat in certain restaurants or After a short period teaching in two racially segregated schools for Black students, she began a program of study at the Field Beauty Culture School in Montreal, one of the few such institutions in Canada at the time that accepted Black applicants. Viola Desmond - NS Heritage Day (Answer Key) Instructions: What year was Viola Desmond born? She continued her training in the U.S., in Atlantic City, New Jersey, and in New York. Omissions? Canadian businesswoman and civil libertarian. Wanda Robson, sister of Viola Desmond, holds the new $10 bank note featuring Desmond during a press conference in Halifax on March 8, 2018. She opened a beauty school, the Desmond School of Beauty Culture, and expanded her business across the province. Answer Key Hide Answer Key. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Shocked and frightened, she maintained her composure and, as she related later, sat bolt upright all night long. She thought she was buying a ticket for the lower level but was sold a ticket for the balcony, where Blacks could sit. It is difficult to know what Viola Desmond felt about her brave stand and its aftermath. Complete Viola Desmond 2017 Biography. 1914 True or false? By 1946, she was making her … She did, however, live to see the province dismantle … Viola had 6 siblings: Mary V Desmond , Kate E Desmond and 4 other siblings . In 2010, however, Viola Desmond was granted a free pardon by the governor of Nova Scotia. She lived in a time when black women were expected to be servants in houses, and black men were expected to be servants on trains. Viola Desmond, in full Viola Irene Desmond, née Davis, (born July 6, 1914, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada—died February 7, 1965, New York, New York, U.S.), Canadian businesswoman and civil libertarian who built a career as a beautician and was a mentor to young Black women in Nova Scotia through her Desmond School of Beauty Culture. Trivia She was fined and temporarily jailed for her rightfully defiant act; after her death, she was officially pardoned by the Canadian government. Viola Desmond - NS Heritage Day (Answer Key) Instructions: What year was Viola Desmond born? Although racial mixing was not uncommon in early 20th-century Halifax, intermarriage was a rare occurrence. Finance Minister Bill Morneau stands with Wanda Robson, the sister of Viola Desmond, at the announcement that Desmond will be featured on the $10 bill, Gatineau, Quebec, Thursday December 8, 2016. Viola Desmond is an important figure in Canadian Civil Rights Activism. Explore Viola Desmond's biography, personal life, family and cause of death. She was born in 1914 in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Viola Desmond, who helped galvanize Black Canadians against segregation, died at New York City. On April 15, 2010, the premier of Nova Scotia granted Viola Desmond a free … Viola expanded her … How many other provinces have a February holiday? Civil rights activist and businesswoman Viola Desmond will be the first Canadian woman to appear on a bank note, when she graces the front of the $10 bill in 2018. Viola Desmond Viola Desmond was a mixed-race businesswoman. At the Roseland Theatre, Desmond requested a ticket for a seat on the main floor. After a 1946 incident in which Desmond was arrested for sitting in a “Whites Only” section of a theatre in New Glasgow, N.S, she fought her conviction of defrauding the government of the difference in tax — one cent — between tickets in the racially-separated sections. 1 Viola Desmond was an African Canadian woman from Nova Scotia. As many as 15 students graduated from the program each year. Viola Desmond, who helped galvanize Black Canadians against segregation, died at New York City. From overcoming oppression, to breaking rules, to reimagining the world or waging a rebellion, these women of history have a story to tell. Viola Desmond was a Canadian citizen of mixed race, who championed the cause of equal rights for people with dark skin, in early 20th century. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. After buying a ticket and heading to the main seating area, a staff member told her she had purchased a ticket for the balcony. Britannica now has a site just for parents! The pair left together, returning an hour later with a warrant for Desmond’s arrest. The civil rights leader Viola Desmond died at the age of 50. Answer Key Hide Answer Key. Viola Desmond was a human rights activist who stood up for the rights of black Canadians. After being derailed as a result of vehicle issues, she decided to take in a show at the Roseland Theatre in downtown New Glasgow. Black women, in particular, were able to discover opportunities not otherwise available. Discover the real story, facts, and details of Viola Desmond. Eventually, and perhaps due to her experience with the Nova Scotia legal system, her marriage fell apart. The pardon came in 2010, long after Desmond died in November 1965 while visiting New York City. Motivated by her parents’ hard work and community involvement, Desmond aspired to build a cosmetics empire. MacLeod, Elizabeth. Complete Viola Desmond 2017 Biography. Wanda Robson, sister of Viola Desmond, holds the new $10 bank note featuring Desmond during a press conference in Halifax on March 8, 2018. Not until 2010, 45 years after her death, was Desmond pardoned for her so-called crime. After a 1946 incident in which Desmond was arrested for sitting in a “Whites Only” section of a theatre in New Glasgow, N.S, she fought her conviction of defrauding the government of the difference in tax — one cent — between tickets in the racially-separated sections. Although Viola was raised in a middle-class family she managed to study at the field beauty culture school in Montreal. Immediately after Ms. Korchinski-Paquet’s death, social-media posts sprang up, ... Viola Desmond Follow; View more suggestions in Following Read more about following topics and authors. Desmond was also named a National Historic Person in 2018. O n November 8, 1946, Viola Desmond was on a business trip to New Glasgow, Nova Scotia, where she planned to sell beauty supplies.Her car broke down, and she couldn’t get it fixed until the next day. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Immediately after Ms. Korchinski-Paquet’s death, social-media posts sprang up, ... Viola Desmond Follow; View more suggestions in Following Read more about following topics and authors. Eqra Jan Ajax High School Ajax, ON. The ticket seller handed Desmond a ticket to the balcony instead, the seating generally reserved for nonwhite customers. She died in 1965 and 45 years after her death she received an official pardon and apology from the governor of … Find more about her family, personal life, activities, achievements, etc. HISTORICA CANADA 2 CARLTON STREET, EAST MEZZANINE, TORONTO, ON, CANADA M5B 1J3. Viola had 6 siblings: Mary V Desmond , Kate E Desmond and 4 other siblings . Viola Desmond Family, Childhood, Life Achievements, Facts, Wiki and Bio of 2017. Viola T Desmond was born circa 1896, at birth place, District of Columbia, to John J Desmond and Helen A Desmond. This courageous woman wasn’t vindicated until April 14, 2010, when the lieutenant governor of Nova Scotia issued an official pardon. In a way, the “unofficial” character of Canadian racism made it more difficult to navigate. Death of Viola Desmond Viola Desmond, who helped galvanize Black Canadians against segregation, died at New York City. Viola Desmond was born on July 6, 1914, in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Viola Desmond was a quiet revolutionary — a title also used to describe another civil rights icon in the United States, Rosa Parks. Robson is the youngest sister of civil rights pioneer Viola Desmond. Viola Desmond will grace the banknote in 2018. She later moved to New York, where she died alone of a gastrointestinal hemorrhage on February 7, 1965, at age 50. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/viola-desmond-40917.php 1914 True or false? Viola Desmond was a businesswoman from Halifax who was traveling to Cape Breton on a business trip on November 8, 1946. She received a public apology in 2010 essentially giving her the respect her level of defiance, courage, and boldness deserves for driving the movement to end segregation in Nova Scotia. Where did Viola Desmond live until her death in 1965? Viola Desmond: Carving Her Own Path. Viola Desmond Age She was born on July 6, 1914 in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada and died on February 7, 1965 in New York, New York, United States aged 50. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The legacy of Viola Desmond, right, who became a Canadian civil rights icon for her actions in Nova Scotia in 1946, has been kept alive over the decades by her sister Wanda, left. At that time, many Canadian schools, neighbourhoods and businesses were segregated. Although racism was not officially entrenched in Canadian society, Black persons in Canada—and certainly in Nova Scotia—were aware that an unwritten code constrained their lives. Viola lived in 1910, at address , District of Columbia. Viola Desmond, in full Viola Irene Desmond, née Davis, (born July 6, 1914, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada—died February 7, 1965, New York, New York, U.S.), Canadian businesswoman and civil libertarian who built a career as a beautician and was a mentor to young Black women in Nova Scotia through her Desmond School of Beauty Culture. Viola Desmond: Her Life and Times by Graham Reynolds and Wanda Robson chronicles and life and legacy of the woman who is now featured on the Canadian ten dollar bill. Desmond quickly found success. She was a Canadian civil rights activist and hairdresser of Black Nova Scotian descent. Viola Desmond Timeline July 6, 1914 Born Viola Irene Davis in Halifax, Nova Scotia, she was the daughter of James Davis, a self-employed barber and businessman, and Gwendolyn Irene Johnson, a homemaker. Viola Desmond's family was made up of her parents and 10 siblings. Canada is made up of a variety of races, ethnicities, and cultures. Desmond was born Viola Irene Davis on July 6, 1914, in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. Person; Viola Desmond Biography Of ; Viola Desmond Viola Desmond was born in Halifax 1914 July 6. She died on 7 February 1965 in New York. To kill time, she decided to go to a movie theatre. (ADRIAN WYLD / THE CANADIAN PRESS) Though the conviction was upheld, her struggle became a catalyst for change. Viola Desmond Timeline July 6, 1914 Born Viola Irene Davis in Halifax, Nova Scotia, she was the daughter of James Davis, a self-employed barber and businessman, and Gwendolyn Irene Johnson, a homemaker. Viola Desmond was very astute. 1924 (?) When she was refused admittance to Nova Scotia’s hairdressing school because of her race, Desmond was forced to move to Montreal, then Viola Desmond is the second woman I’m profiling in the Badass Women Series. It is, however, the story of her courageous refusal to accept an act of racial discrimination that provided inspiration to a later generation of Black persons in Nova Scotia and in the rest of Canada. Updates? Darren Calabrese/The Canadian Press In the theatre, there was a section for the blacks and a section for the whites. Viola Desmond (1914 - 1965) was a Canadian Black Nova Scotian businesswoman who challenged racial segregation at the Roseland Theatre in New Glasgow, NS, in 1946 when she refused to leave the whites-only area. Viola Desmond was a businesswoman from Halifax who was traveling to Cape Breton on a business trip on November 8, 1946. After buying a ticket and heading to the main seating area, a staff member told her she had purchased a ticket for the balcony. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). When Viola was expanding the business, she went to New Glasgow. Desmond was then confronted by the manager, Henry MacNeil, who argued that the theatre had the right to “refuse admission to any objectionable person.” Desmond pointed out that she had not been refused admission and had in fact been sold a ticket, which she still held in her hand. Growing up in the Halifax black community, Desmond noticed that beauty products aimed … Civil Rights Figure, Activist. O n November 8, 1946, Viola Desmond was on a business trip to New Glasgow, Nova Scotia, where she planned to sell beauty supplies.Her car broke down, and she couldn’t get it fixed until the next day. Her father, James Albert Davis, was a barber. ... She died in 1965 and 45 years after her death she received an official pardon and apology from the governor of Nova Scotia. Darren Calabrese/The Canadian Press Viola T Desmond was born circa 1896, at birth place, District of Columbia, to John J Desmond and Helen A Desmond. There she was met by Elmo Langille, chief of police, and MacNeil. TORONTO, ON, CANADA M5B 1J3. Viola grew up in Halifax and married Jack Desmond who was also a hairdresser. Poloz said Viola Desmond will replace Sir John A. Macdonald on the ten-dollar bill. Her father was raised in a middle-class black family and eventually became a barber. Not until 2010, 45 years after her death, was Desmond pardoned for her so-called crime. She was brought up in a large family, including 10 siblings, and her parents were highly regarded within the Black community in Halifax. Her father, James Albert Davis, was raised in a middle-class Black family and had worked for a number of years as a stevedore before establishing himself as a barber. She challenged racial discrimination at a theater in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia in 1946 by refusing to vacate an area of the theater that was unofficially "white-only". In 1954, segregation was legally ended in Nova Scotia. Her pardon came decades after her death in 1965. 1924 (?) She added that she had attempted to exchange it for a main floor ticket and was willing to pay the difference in cost but had been refused. Finance Minister Bill Morneau stands with Wanda Robson, the sister of Viola Desmond, at the announcement that Desmond will be featured on the $10 bill, Gatineau, Quebec, Thursday December 8, 2016. Viola Desmond will be featured on the Canadian 10-dollar bill beginning circulation in late 2018. 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