Bénin). "Lost crops of africa: Volume II: Vegetables". [2] Notable minerals include phosphorus, as the largest mineral component, with potassium, magnesium, manganese, sulfur, calcium, iron and zinc to follow. It is therefore highly encouraged to pursue investigations towards … conditions . The study revealed 41 neglected and underutilized crop species (NUCS) among which 19 were identified as of priority base on 10 criteria among which included their extent and degree of consumption. Entomofaune de Cucumeropsis mannii Naud (Cucurbitaceae) et son impact sur le rendement dans Yaoundé (Nkolbisson). The plant is grown more often for the seed oil than for the fruit. It produces climbing vines up to 4 meters long which are covered in stiff hairs. showed that Cucumeropsis mannii Naudin is a rich source of minerals such as sodium, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, manganese, iron, zinc, copper, and selenium with important health benefits. & Nakai, Cucumeropsis mannii Naudin and Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl. La graine peut aussi être décortiquée et consommée comme collation[18]. p. 163, National Research Council. 6, 8-Diprenyleriodictyol, dorsmanin C and dorsmanin F can be found in " D . (2006). Informally published manuscript, Department of Plant Pathology: College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, "Studies on the chemical composition of the seeds from, National Research Council. [2], This melon can survive in nutrient poor soils in climatically diverse areas. Interpreting Wetland Status. p. 157-159, International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Botanique, Partridge , D. (n.d.). [13] In Northern Ghana egusi oil is the second most prominent cooking oil. has immense health benefits. Les agriculteurs doivent sélectionner les graines ayant le poids le plus élevé pour obtenir les meilleurs résultats de germination[20]. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(23), 4653. But the hard-hull, white-colored variety that grows in subtropical Africa (egusi-too) is … The species used were Cucumeropsis manni (Naudin), Cucumis sativus, Leganaria siceraria and Cucumeropsis edulis (Hook). as Cucumeropsis mannii (CM) Naudin and Citrullus lanatus (CL), generally processed into pastas for concocting popular sauces from traditional and urban societies, are rich in lipids and essential fatty acids [10]. This allows for increased germination ability of stored seeds ensuring productive future yields. It is a known major ingredient for soup in African countries commonly eaten with most of their staple … L'huile de cette graine est composé de 64,9 % d'acide linoléique, 12,4 % d'acide stéarique de 11,8 % et 10,9 % l'acide palmitique 10,9%[15]. (2006). It is well Environmental Sciences. C'est une plante herbacée annuelle grimpante, cultivée dans plusieurs pays d'Afrique tropicale, occidentale et centrale, souvent en cultures associées, principalement pour ses fruits (sortes de baies assimilables à des melons) dont les graines sont consommées sous diverses formes. La teneur en acides aminés des protéines de Mémoire de DEA non publié mais soutenu à l’Université de Yaoundé I, 43 p. 163 Fomekong A., Messi J., Kekeunou S., TchuenguemFohouo F.-N. & Tamesse J.-L. (2008). In the transitional zone of West Africa this crop is sown during the major rainy season[7] between March and May. [10] The oil of this seed is 64.9% linoleic acid, 12.4% oleic acid, 11.8% stearic acid and 10.9% palmitic acid. [6] It can thrive in humid, dry and upland areas with little to no consequence on growth or quality of crop. p. 162, National Research Council. protein, magnesium. Related Links. They can therefore be valorized and thus constitute a solution to health problems and child malnutrition and pregnant women. [7] Egusi-itoo is the perfect complement to the largely starch-rich grain diet of Africa, providing a high-protein and high-energy concentrate. Chalk full of protein, African melon seeds are a great alternative to meat and fish. The seeds were deshelled, screened, oven dried and ground. All the Cucurbitaceae oilseeds (Cucumeropsis mannii, Cucurbita maxima, Cucurbita moschata, Lagenaria siceraria and Cucumis sativus) has rich source of most essential amino acids, giving protein digestibility, corrected amino acid scores of 0.67 for C. sativus and 0.48 for C. mannii which was for Cucumeropsis mannii, Egusi,delicious rare fruits, 10 seeds by mediterranpiac. The seeds are commonly processed into soups and oil products, and are also eaten individually as a snack. (2013). These seeds are Cucumeropsis mannii (egusi melon), Cucurbita maxima (pumpkin), Cucurbita moschata (musk melon), Lagenaria siceraria (calabash) and Cucumis sativus ( Ibo egusi). [10] C. mannii provides ground cover, effectively suppressing weeds. [3] This crop is primarily harvested for its large white seeds called egusi-itoo. Mémoire de DEA non publié mais soutenu à l'Université de Yaoundé I, 43 p. Photo: Enoch Achigan Dako. [family CUCURBITACEAE] Common … Halticus tibialis is a flea hopper similar to an aphid and may also cause problems for egusi-itoo crops, often killing the leaves of the plant by sucking out sap. Healthy foods and fruits guide you know to the kind of foods and fruits that are good for your health, medical benefits and country of origin. [8] After harvesting, many beetle species including the red flour beetle and the cigarette beetle may feed on seeds which are not properly stored in air-tight containers . The propagation of C. mannii is entirely by seed. Cucumeropsis mannii Naud. Cucumeropsis mannii is reported to be pest and disease free. [14] The seed contains every important macro and micro-nutrient in quantities ideal for nutrition. Usage Egusi soup is a kind of soup thickened with the ground seeds and popular in West Africa, with considerable local variation. Elle est appelée n’viêlê en Côte d'Ivoire, où ses graines, ainsi que celles d'autres cucurbitacées, sont consommées sous le nom de « pistaches »[2]. Pests and disease are rarely a problem for farmers of this crop. (2006). Vernacular names for this crop include egusi-itoo and white seed melon.[2]. Les organisations de la société civile sont appelés à diffuser des connaissances essentielles sur la propagation et la gestion de la culture, et d'utiliser la culture pour les interventions nutritionnelles. Proximate and mineral analyses were carried out on the shelled Cucurbit species. High in essential vitamins and minerals, egusi-itoo complements the starch and grain diet of most Africans. The results show that the saponification, iodine and peroxide indices are influenced by the regions while the acid index and percentage of impurity do not depend on the region of cultivation but on the specie. The high degree of ground cover from the plant blankets the soil protecting it from sun exposure and water loss, and therefore increases the quality of the soil. La plante est idéale comme intercalaire avec le sorgho, le manioc, le café, le coton, le maïs, ou des cultures de bananes et réduit ainsi les désherbages pendant les 2 à 3 mois de sa croissance en une seule opération[17]. La graine peut être transformée en soupe ou en huile[11]. A. La graine contient tous les macro et micro-nutriments importants en quantité pour une nutrition optimale. [9], The kernel of the egusi-itoo seed is 44% oil,[9] 30% protein, 10% carbohydrate, 4% ash and 3% fiber. The moisture content was determined by drying in an oven to constant weight, crude protein content by Kjedahl method. Selon une étude de 2010, faisant appel notamment au codes-barres d'ADN, cette espèce serait la même que Posadaea sphaerocarpa, originaire d'Amérique centrale et d'Amérique du Sud, dont les fruits et les graines sont utilisés dans les cultures traditionnelles de ces régions de manière similaire à ceux de Cucumeropsis mannii en Afrique. Most commonly it is dehulled and consumed as a snack. [5] This crop also holds significant nutritional value. This crop is often referred to as “the real egusi” given its long history in West Africa, dating back 4,000 years. Dans plusieurs zones climatiques, Cucumeropsis mannii peut survivre dans les sols pauvres en éléments nutritifs. Twenty-four accessions of Cucumeropsis mannii obtained from National Centre for Genetic Resources and Biotechnology and some markets from Seven Local Governments in Ibadan were evaluated for genetic relationship using RAPD marker. Chaque trou a en moyenne 3 à 4 graines chacun[13]. We don't know when or if this item will be back in stock. (2006). The oral glucose tolerance test showed that the globulins of the seeds of all species except Cucumeropsis mannii caused significant drop in blood sugar (88 - 137.80%, compared to the controls, p<0.05). ENGLISH NAME: Melon seed. Cucumeropsis mannii est principalement cultivée pour les graines oléagineuses qu'elle produit[13]. Les premières contraintes sont liées au champignon Macrophomina phaseolina qui attaque les racines et les tiges inférieures de la plante[15] provoquant la fonte des semis[14]. BOTANICAL NAME: Cucumeropsis mannii. We do not use these to store personal information about you.Continuing to use this website means you agree to our use of cookies. YORUBA: Egusi. La plante est très nutritive. Egusi (Cucumeropsis mannii Naudin) is an herbaceous annual plant belong- ing to the large family of Cucurbitaceae. "Macrophomina phaseolina". Arabica coffee, C. arabica, C. canephora, chlorogenic acids, Crop Wild Relatives (CWRs), coffee-leaf tea, hybridization, hydroxycinnamic acids, mangiferin, phenolic compounds, phylogeny, robusta coffee. Health Benefits of Cacao Beans. These seeds are: Cucumeropsis mannii (egusi melon), Cucurbita maxima (pumpkin or squash gourd), Cucurbita moschata (musk melon), Lagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd or calabash) and Cucumis sativus (“Ibo” egusi). In more challenged areas this crop should be spaced at least 3 m apart, greatly decreasing per-hectare production. One of the major benefits of Cordyceps is its effect on brain function. Entomofaune de Cucumeropsis mannii Naud (Cucurbitaceae) et son impact sur le rendement dans Yaoundé (Nkolbisson). Further benefits include increased soil quality through ground cover and suppression of weeds. Entry From. The pH and temperature of the seeds at the end of fermentation were 7.1 and 35°C, respectively. Activated Carbon Based Egusi (Cucumeropsis mannii Naudin) ... sult, the World Health Organization (WHO) has fixed a maximum acceptable concentration of nitrate ions in drinking water to be 50 mg∙L−1 [4]. La culture se développe dans des climats difficiles notamment arides avec des rendements élevés. Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. Climber to 4 m.; stems sparsely crisped-hairy. (2006). Dans le nord du Ghana, son huile est la deuxième huile de cuisson[14]. Afin d'atteindre la graine avec la plus haute qualité possible, les fruits récoltés doivent être conservés pendant 10-20 jours[21] dans le but de lutter contre les ravageurs tels que les trypètes Dacus punctifrons. Cucumeropsis mannii is a species of melon native to tropical Africa west of the East African Rift,[dubious – discuss] where it is grown for food and as a source of oil. Les avantages de Cucumeropsis mannii sont nombreux. Le fruit, de couleur crème avec des stries vertes, est ovoïde dont la taille va jusqu'à 19 cm de long et 8 cm de large environ. Twenty-four accessions of Cucumeropsis mannii obtained from National Centre for Genetic Resources and Biotechnology and some markets from Seven Local Governments in Ibadan were evaluated for genetic relationship using RAPD marker. Malgré ses atouts, Cucumeropsis mannii reste une culture marginale pour les interventions nutritionnelles en Afrique. It is known to improve various brain functions, specifically the areas of the brain which are responsible for activating sexual desire and other processes of the reproductive system. "Cucumeropsis mannii" is a member of the Cucurbitaceae family. Les fruits et les graines de couleur blanche sont comestibles. Conclusions: These findings showed that the selected Cucurbitaceae seeds contained globulins with significant anti-hyperglycaemic activity. Irié A. Zoro Bi, Kévin K. Koffi, Yao Djè, «, Kortse , P. A., & Oladiran, J. (2006). Cucumeropsis edulis Hook. Chalk full of protein, African melon seeds are a great alternative … (2006). Physicochemical activation is a combination of physi- cal and chemical activation. (2006). The Plant List includes 3 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Cucumeropsis. Among the methods used for the removal of nitrate ions from waste and drinking water, adsorption has been shown to be the better economical and effi- cient alternative [5]. Photo: Enoch Achigan Dako. Les minéraux majeurs sont le phosphore principalement, avec le potassium, le magnésium, le manganèse, le soufre, le calcium, le fer et le zinc. Reference Sources. It is known to improve various brain functions, specifically the areas of the brain which are responsible for activating sexual desire and other processes of the reproductive system. (2006). Dans certains pays comme le Ghana, le jus du fruit est utilisé comme l'onguent de guérison[15]. Vendor Information. La graine contient tous les macro et micro-nutriments importants en quantité pour une nutrition optimale. Cucumeropsis mannii in association with dwarf oil three Egusi species by 186 informants in Benin — Somme palm tree in Pobè (South Benin) — Culture de Cucumeropsis des superficies allouées à chaque espèce de Egusi par les mannii en association avec le palmier nain à Pobè (Sud 186 ménages interrogés au Bénin. Viability response of cucurbit seeds (Citrullus lanatus subsp. [2] A complete fertilizer should be applied before the propagation, with periodical application of nitrogenous fertilizer to follow. Despite the crops obvious advantages, " Cucumeropsis mannii" remains an underutilized tool for nutritional intervention in Africa. Leaf-blade broadly ovate-cordate or reniform-cordate in outline, subglabrous except for some hairs on nerves above, punctate, sinuate-toothed, obtuse or acute and apiculate, 60–120 mm. Un engrais complet peut être appliqué avant la plantation, avec une application périodique d'un engrais azoté plus tard[12]. La dispersion géographique de la plante se serait faite relativement récemment, vraisemblablement dans le sens Amérique-Afrique, soit par les navires de la traite négrière, soit par dispersion naturelle par les courants marins[5]. Biotechnol Agron Soc Environ 12(4):393–403 . Melon seed is a popular food crop in Nigeria and other African countries that comes with amazing health benefits which are vital for children, young and old, man and woman. [16] In order to combat pests such as the Dacus punctifrons fields should be rotated yearly, as the fly pupae remain in the soil. The oral glucose tolerance test showed that the globulins of the seeds of all species except Cucumeropsis mannii caused significant drop in blood sugar (88 – 137.80%, compared to the controls, p<0.05). Liquid Gold: Honey Health Benefits Prevent cancer and heart disease. Names. p. 157, National Research Council. General information about Cucumeropsis mannii (CWVMA) THIS WEBSITE USES COOKIES Our website uses cookies to ensure that we give you the best possible online experience. Les méthodes de plantation contraste avec celles des savanes du Nord où les conditions sont plus difficiles avec une faible fertilité et peu de matière organique. [15] The amino acid content of egusi-itoo proteins makes it a sufficient vegetable protein. NGOs should distribute vital knowledge on crop propagation and handling, and use the crop for nutritional interventions. Les espacements entre les graines sont d'1 mètre. Resource Type. (2013). 2002). Tuesday, 23 February 2016. Early or late harvesting of Cucumeropsis mannii has a correlation with seed quality. It is a known major ingredient for soup in African countries commonly eaten with most of their … Cucumeropsis mannii seed oils Table 2 shows the sterol composition of Lagenaria siceraria and Cucumeropsis mannii seed oils. The high content of polyunsaturated fatty acids and essential amino acids it contains demonstrates that seed of Cucumeropsis mannii has potential health benefits and can be incorporated in many African diets and also used in poultry and animal feed [42 – 44]. Cordyceps has a direct influence on increasing libido. Its common names include egusi in Yoruba ‘‘‘Elegushi’’’ in Igbo and agushi in Hausa. Results revealed that they contain around 70% of protein. Cette espèce est la seule du genre Cucumeropsis (genre monotypique). The health risk index (HRI) of the heavy metals following the consumption of these plant materials by the populace was estimated using standard protocols. Of these 1 are accepted species names. The sample was authenticated by a taxonomist, Dr. (Mrs.) M. E. Bassey of the Department of Botany and Ecological Studies, University of Uyo where a voucher specimen was deposited. Cucumeropsis mannii fournit la couverture du sol, supprime efficacement les mauvaises herbes. La culture commence après les premières pluies de haute intensité. les vitamines thiamine, niacine, B1 et B2 sont également répandues dans la graine[14], de même que de nombreux oligo-éléments[13]. f. Cogn. Food. Des connaissances plus répandues sur la plante Cucumeropsis mannii sont encore nécessaires afin de vulgariser la culture et favoriser son expansion. There is a need for more widespread knowledge on Cucumeropsis mannii in order to re-popularize the crop and spread its many benefits. (2006). [15] It is recommended that farmers select for the seeds with the highest weight for best germination results. Cucumeropsis mannii is one of the cucurbits that have been selected against due to their inability to compete favourably with rival species and cultivars. We do not use these to store personal information about you.Continuing to use this website means you agree to our use of cookies. Une importance doit être placée sur le calendrier spécifique de récolte. This crop also holds significant nutritional value. Cucumeropsis mannii est décrit comme une plante sans ravageurs et sans maladies phytosanitaires. Each plant averages at 2-5 fruits, each weighing 0.8-1.8 kg and containing 90-400 seeds. [9] The flesh of Cucumeropsis mannii is edible but is not commonly consumed due to its bitter taste. and reduces skin blemishes. Lipase (EC 3.1.1.3) activity was demonstrated in the cotyledons of three species of Cucubitaceae: - Cucumeropeis manii (White mellon), Colocynthis vulgaris (Yellow mellon) and Cucubita moschata (Pumpkin) which are used for making native soups in West Africa especially Nigeria. Les trous sont faits avec une profondeur de 2 cm environ. These seeds are Cucumeropsis mannii (egusi melon), Cucurbita maxima (pumpkin), Cucurbita moschata (musk melon), Lagenaria siceraria (calabash) and Cucumis sativus ( Ibo egusi). Global Biodiversity Information Facility. EPPO listings are advisory categories only, and do not have a legal basis: A1 list is for pests which are not present in any part of the EPPO region. La teneur en acides aminés des protéines de Cucumeropsis mannii en fait une protéine végétale suffisante. On la rencontre notamment en Côte d'Ivoire, au Ghana, au Nigeria, au Cameroun; en République centrafricaine et au Zaïre[3]. Cucumis L. Cucumis melo L. Cucumis prophetarum L ... Statutory action would be taken against findings, using general powers available in plant health legislation. cv.‘Aklamkpa’) in sociolinguistic areas in Benin. long, 70–140 mm. Melon (Cucumeropsis mannii) seeds were purchased from a local market at Nung Udoe-Ibesikpo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Une autre consommation de Cucumeropsis mannii se fait sous forme de galette après extraction de l'huile des graines[16].

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