In my reading class, we read novels about the time period we're studying in history. Horizontal programmatic and curricular organization is expressed in a myriad of tangible ways. Using a computer-based analogy, we could say that horizontal development increases the size of your mental hard drive, and vertical development boosts your processor’s speed and power.Having both means you’re in a better position to analyze and use the vast amount of data you’ve stored on your hard drive, and you’re better prepared to withstand any sudden, unexpected changes in … horizontal school creates learning spaces in Berlin, where diversity is celebrated. In regards to handstands: Vertically: Learning a freestanding HS and then trying to achieve a one arm handstand after that. Horizontal Alignment The definition of horizontal alignment is not a particularly new concept in the study of assessment (Bloom, Madaus, Hastings, 1981; Impara, 2001; Tyler, 1949; Webb, 1999). Horizontal and vertical alignment within an education system (based on Webb, 1997b). The change from focus on workforce development to lifelong career skills in community colleges over the past thirty years offers many examples of how horizontal linkages enhance higher education practice. Horizontal career growth exists in stark contrast to vertical career growth. Organization of contents according to the sequence and continuity of learning within a given knowledge domain or subject over time (vertical articulation to improve coherence) and the scope and integration of curricular contents from different knowledge domains within a particular grade level (horizontal articulation or balance to develop integration between subjects, Horizontal development = Skill Work; Vertical development = Strength work (much more fatiguing) I hope the following examples help make it clearer. To solidify these concepts, let's walk you through a concrete end-to-end transfer learning & fine-tuning example. Getting the data Learning progressions […] An end-to-end example: fine-tuning an image classification model on a cats vs. dogs dataset. Vertical growth is the type that will be most familiar to American professionals. Combining theory and practice as well as supporting meaningful connections we unfold the potential of individuals, their teams and organizations to orientate in a (too) complex world. For example, I teach reading and history. Horizontal curriculum is also called cross-curriculum instruction. The term is most commonly used in reference to learning standards—concise, clearly articulated descriptions of what students should know and be able to do at a specific stage of their education. For example, a vector with a length of 5 at a 36.9 degree angle to the horizontal axis will have a horizontal component of 4 units and a vertical component of 3 units. A vertical flip of the photo of a cat does not make sense and would probably not be appropriate given that the model is very unlikely to see a photo of an upside down cat. The term learning progression refers to the purposeful sequencing of teaching and learning expectations across multiple developmental stages, ages, or grade levels. If we were to add this to another vector of the same magnitude and direction, we would get a vector twice as long at the same angle. We will load the Xception model, pre-trained on ImageNet, and use it on the Kaggle "cats vs. dogs" classification dataset. It is aligning the curriculum in a given subject with other subjects in the same grade. For example, a horizontal flip of a picture of a cat may make sense, because the photo could have been taken from the left or right. Horizontal alignment is the degree to which an assessment matches Vertical curriculum is in a given subject across several grades. 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