Here are the proper bibliographic citations for this page according to four style manuals (in alphabetical order): [Editor's Note: The APA citation style requires double spacing within entries. Retrieved from https://standardizedtests.procon.org/, ProCon.org. They reduce the subjectivisms of grading systems. However, there has been an ongoing debate among scholars, parents, and teachers on the effectiveness of these tests. 8. [56] Standardized tests offer students across the country a unified measure of their knowledge. Or at training students to apply creative thinking to solve messy and complex issues with no easy answers?” [73], The origin of American standardized tests are those created by psychologist Carl Brigham, PhD, for the Army during World War I, which was later adapted to become the SAT. For these students, standardized testing is a negative experience. The Pros And Cons Of Standardized Testing 1204 Words | 5 Pages. Below well discuss some of the benefits of standardized assessments, as well as some of the ways standardised assessments can be negative for students. Popham, (2001) and Sacks, (1999) suggest that through pros a student will have to pass certain tests to determine that he or she has acquired proficiency in various fields of study. [79] [80] As W. James Popham, PhD, noted, “standardized achievement tests should not be used to determine the effectiveness of a state, a district, a school, or a teacher. How to cite this page. The pros and cons have been weighted heavily by parents and educators alike—with many left wondering whether or not implementing testing standards have hurt or helped students. Standardized testing has not improved student achievement. Many students are graded within a classroom environment on a curve. Civil rights education lawsuits wherein a group is suing a local or state government for better education almost always use testing data. Cons: You must be self-motivated. [68] [69] External stereotypes also play a part in scores: “research indicates that being targeted by well-known stereotypes (‘blacks are unintelligent,’ ‘Latinos perform poorly on tests,’ ‘girls can’t do math’ and so on) can be threatening to students in profound ways, a predicament they call ‘stereotype threat. Opponents argue that standardized tests only determine which students are good at taking tests, offer no meaningful measure of progress, and have not improved student performance, and that the tests are racist, classist, and sexist, with scores that are not predictors of future success. The Pros and Cons of Standardized Testing. Share this article. Grade point averages (GPA) are a 5 times stronger indicator of college success than standardized tests, according to a study of 55,084 Chicago public school students. A necessity. The Benefits of Standardized Testing . I weighed the pros and cons and decided that standardized testing is a good option for us. The Cons of Standardized Testing On the other hand, many people do not consider standardized testing to be a valuable or valid assessment tool for evaluating student performance. Instead of teaching specific skills that are subject-related, they teach students how to take the test well instead. Here are some of the pros and cons to consider with tests that have such high stakes. We only know about that because we have assessments.” [61], A letter signed by 12 civil rights organizations including the NAACP and the American Association of University Women, explained, “Data obtained through some standardized tests are particularly important to the civil rights community because they are the only available, consistent, and objective source of data about disparities in educational outcomes, even while vigilance is always required to ensure tests are not misused. Testing also is a helpful tool to inform parents and teachers on a student 's progress in class. A standardized test could determine the knowledge a student has about musical theory, but it cannot judge the quality of a composition that a student might create. In contrast, standardized tests measure only a small set of the skills that students need to succeed in college, and students can prepare for these tests in narrow ways that may not translate into better preparation to succeed in college.” [83], Matthew M. Chingos, PhD, Vice President of Education Data and Policy at the Urban Institute, explained, “earning good grades requires consistent behaviors over time—showing up to class and participating, turning in assignments, taking quizzes, etc.—whereas students could in theory do well on a test even if they do not have the motivation and perseverance needed to achieve good grades. Parents receive more information about their student. Should Tablets Replace Textbooks in K-12 Schools? Jan 26, 2015. The teacher prepares and carries out the tasks associated with certain learning skills and uniformly applied across the students. Standardized testing only provides a one-day evaluation for a student. Misleading Critics contend that scores on this type of testing can provide indicators that might mislead educators when it comes to evaluating students, given that the questions are limited and do not cover extensive topics. Pros of the standardized test Standardized testing is a good metric of learning for the students: When the students tend to be assessed on the basis of the results of the standardized tests, a potential metric cam is gained which can be used to verify the quality of the curriculum. He recommended that I have the teacher whose class had scored much lower work directly with the teacher who seemed to know how to get higher scores from her students. Standardized tests only measure a fraction of what a student has learned. Julie Anne Wells Tuesday, May 14, 2019. Proponents argue that standardized tests offer an objective measurement of education and a good metric to gauge areas for improvement, as well as offer meaningful data to help students in marginalized groups, and that the scores are good indicators of college and job success. It can provide information that schools need to form sub-group learning opportunities. ProCon.org. This is especially true for gifted and talented students who can regularly score in the top percentile ratings for their grade level. Animal Testing – Should Animals Be Used for Scientific or Commercial Testing? The more data that can be provided, the more accurate the teacher evaluation decisions will end up being. 3. 3. Should Students Have to Wear School Uniforms? Standardized testing cannot accurately show the academic abilities of a student. ... Another potential problem with standardized testing is that it could stifle innovation. This may create an unintended bias within the grading results, even without grading subjectivity, because the questions could be geared toward a certain ethnic or socioeconomic class to their benefit. Other types of standardized testing are essay questions, short-answer question types or a combination of both. 2 pencils on standardized tests is a holdover from the 1930s through the 1960s, when scanning machines scored answer sheets by detecting the electrical conductivity of graphite pencil marks. Veteran Florida educator, Marion Brady, outlines 34 problems with standardized tests. Standardized testing is a controversial topic among teachers, parents, voters, and students. The issue is highly debated because it carries pros and cons. Here are a few negative effects of standardized testing: Commercially-produced, machine-scored standardized tests are unavoidably biased by social-class, ethnic, regional, and other cultural differences. After examining both sides argument, the idea of having standardized testing seems to be more beneficial, and outweighs the pros of not having testing. The numbers are continuing to grow, ... Pros and Cons. Social Media – Are Social Networking Sites Good for Our Society? This can also indicate how your local area is doing compared against the national landscape.3) Allows students’ progress to be tracked over the years. They can change how teachers actually teach in the classroom. 17 Important Keystone Pipeline Pros and Cons, 18 Major Advantages and Disadvantages of the Payback Period, 20 Advantages and Disadvantages of Leasing a Car, 19 Advantages and Disadvantages of Debt Financing, 24 Key Advantages and Disadvantages of a C Corporation, 16 Biggest Advantages and Disadvantages of Mediation, 18 Advantages and Disadvantages of a Gated Community, 17 Big Advantages and Disadvantages of Focus Groups, 17 Key Advantages and Disadvantages of Corporate Bonds, 19 Major Advantages and Disadvantages of Annuities, 17 Biggest Advantages and Disadvantages of Advertising. (Here’s an example.) The U.S. most recently ranked 23rd, 39th and 25th in reading, math and science, respectively. What are standardized tests? You should research the pros and cons of standardized testing in the United States and then make up your own mind about whether or … You could miss out on test-taking tips and tricks that come from coaches. In doing so, the goal is to raise the testing scores that the teachers and students are able to achieve. Select two pros and two cons of standardized testing. Schools are also judged through this process, which has led to some being closed or brought under new management because of a lack of quality. Standardized assessment is a learning metric While students are evaluated by standardized tests, we get a reliable metric that we can use to analyze the progress of our education system. Standardized testing will only determine how proficient a student is at the time the test has been taken. These will further tend to … Accessed January 14, 2021. https://standardizedtests.procon.org/. Standardized testing is a controversial topic among teachers, parents, voters, and students. Black and Brown excellence is real, but just because a kid lives in Dorchester [Massachusetts] does not make his or her life is less valuable than a child that lives in Wellesley [Massachusetts]. The Army tests were created specifically to segregate soldiers by race, because at the time science inaccurately linked intelligence and race. Go through this following story to know more about the pros and cons of standardized tests. Great teachers are opting to leave their classrooms in favor of other employment opportunities because of the pressures that standardized tests create. As technologies and knowledge changes and grows, our educational systems must be able to adapt. They work hard to do better than their friends did. Standardized tests can only, at best, evaluate rote knowledge of math, science, and English. You can learn in a one-on-one setting. Standardized tests only look at raw comprehension data. An A in one class may be a C in another. based on the information you’ve reviewed. Teachers also have conscious and unconscious biases for a favorite student or against a rowdy student, for example. This can occur when the characteristics of a new device do not meet the explicit or tacit assumptions that were made in creating the test. 5. 15 years after the inception of EQAO testing in Ontario, is it providing us with valuable information and accountability, or is doing more harm than good? Individual school administrators, school districts, and the state can compare teachers using test scores to show how each teacher has helped students master core concepts. It measures only a small portion of what makes education meaningful. The Pros And Cons Of Standardized Testing 883 Words | 4 Pages. Mark Moulon, PhD, Chief Executive Officer at Pythias Consulting and psychometrician, offered an example: “If you find that your question on skateboarding is one that boys find to be an easy question, but girls find to be a hard question, that’ll pop up as a statistic. Teachers also have conscious and unconscious biases for a favorite student or against a rowdy student, for example. In 2020, states were allowed to cancel standardized testing due to the COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic. The pros and cons of standardized tests. Standardized testing has been implemented for over a decade, but according to studies, the achievement gap still hasn’t narrowed. Last modified on December 7, 2020. The act states that if state-run schools are to receive federal funding, students should be given (and must pass) certain assessments. The scores on a standardized test become part of the public record. [ 56] S Matthew Pietrafetta, PhD, Founder of Academic Approach, argues that the “tests create gravitational pull toward higher achievement.” [65], Elaine Riordan, senior communications professional at Actively Learn, stated, “[C]onsiderable research suggests that interventions that help students improve test scores are linked to better adult outcomes such as college attendance, higher incomes, and the avoidance of risky behaviors… In other words, creating learning environments that lead to higher test scores is also likely to improve students’ long-term success in college and beyond… Recent research suggests that the competencies that the SAT, ACT, and other standardized tests are now evaluating are essential not just for students who will attend four-year colleges but also for those who participate in CTE programs or choose to seek employment requiring associate degrees and certificates. based on the information you’ve reviewed. The more data that is used, the more accurate the picture it will paint.” [64], Standardized tests can offer evidence of and promote academic rigor, which is invaluable in college as well as in students’ careers. We use test results, along with a slew of other data, to inform instruction for each child. As a teacher, you will encounter standardized testing many times in your career. Standardized tests can struggle to evaluate a student’s total growth. Teacher evaluations have been tied to standardized test results. Gun Control – Should More Gun Control Laws Be Enacted? Cons of standardized testing While this method of testing can provide value, there are also a number of reasons standardized testing is bad: It can create major stress. However, there has been an ongoing debate among scholars, parents, and teachers on the effectiveness of these tests. They argue standardized tests are useful metrics for teacher evaluations. Many people claim that standardized testing allows an accurate measurement of student progress and teacher effectiveness. Most states measure student growth with standardized test. Discuss why those make a valuable opinion to standardized testing. Even though educators, parents and policymakers might think change signals impact, it says much more about the change in who the students are because it is not measuring the growth of the same student from one year to the next.” [71], Further, because each state develops its own tests, standardized tests are not necessarily comparable across state lines, leaving nationwide statistics shaky at best. 6. You could miss out on test-taking tips and tricks that come from coaches. This means teachers at every grade level are teaching curricula that is similar, no matter where they happen to be. Cons. School is often approached as a job. 7. And the reason you do that is so you can make judgments among these kids. 5. 8. Medical Marijuana – Should Marijuana Be a Medical Option? 2. In the US, standardized testing today often doesn’t account for any special needs that a student may have, so the results for each student may not be entirely accurate. As Bryan Nixon, former Head of School at private school Whitby, noted, “When we receive standardized test data at Whitby, we use it to evaluate the effectiveness of our education program. While studies find a negative relationship between test preparation and instructional quality, some experts believe that concerns about teaching to the test may be exaggerated. It causes teachers to abandon their profession for good. 2. Then, determine your stance (for, against, undecided, indifferent, etc.) The Pros And Cons Of Standardized Testing 1839 Words | 8 Pages. One of the authors, Elaine M. Allensworth, PhD, Lewis-Sebring Director of the University of Chicago Consortium, stated, “GPAs measure a very wide variety of skills and behaviors that are needed for success in college, where students will encounter widely varying content and expectations. The pros and cons of standardized testing show that the amount of information that these tests can generate is invaluable. But here was the problem: The “underperforming” kindergarten teacher and the “high-performing” teacher were one and the same person.” [82]. Test anxiety can also affect a student’s performance. 1. Students in the United States have a lot to say about standardized testing. Some examples of standardized tests are the aptitude test, intelligence test, language test, etc. Administration observation, student surveys, student test scores, professional portfolios, and on and on. Standardized Testing – PROS […] Since 2002, their use has been more common in all 50 states within the US. They can destroy a student’s self-esteem. By Thomas Broderick For Americans 60 and younger, standardized testing is part of our shared experience. First, let’s start with some background. An A in one class may be a C in another. Standardized tests have become a mainstay of the U.S. educational system. Illegal Immigration – What Are the Solutions to Illegal Immigration in America? The numbers are continuing to grow, and just recently, Missouri Legislature banned the test. Pros of Standardized Testing. They assess students based on a similar set of questions, are given under nearly identical testing conditions, and are graded by a machine or blind reviewer. On pros and cons: “Pros: Standardized assessments provide a snapshot of how well a student is learning state standards. There are several intelligence testing pros and cons to consider when evaluating this approach as an assessment tool in any perspective. They have the potential to create teaching gaps. All rights reserved. Top 10 Wealthiest Americans with and without College Degrees. Learn the pros and cons of teaching to the test. ... Pros and Cons. This can occur when the characteristics of a new device do not meet the explicit or tacit assumptions that were made in creating the test. Education in the United States has included standardized testing in some way since the mid-1800s. When we look at Whitby’s assessment data, we can compare our students to their peers at other schools to determine what we’re doing well within our educational continuum and where we need to invest more time and resources.” [58], Keri Rodrigues, Co-founder of the National Parents Union, explained, “If I don’t have testing data to make sure my child’s on the right track, I’m not able to intervene and say there is a problem and my child needs more. I remember a science test that had been developed in California and it asked about earthquakes. People … This intense pressure does not encourage learning. Pros And Cons Of Standardized Testing 1464 Words | 6 Pages "Contrary to popular assumptions about standardized testing, the tests do a poor job of measuring student achievement" (Harris 1). 3. Then, determine your stance (for, against, undecided, indifferent, etc.) The educational system in the United States has been using standardized tests to evaluate the performance of students. Test Prep Coach: Pros: You will receive direct teaching to improve your deficits. The teacher prepares and carries out the tasks associated with certain learning skills and uniformly applied across the students. Standardized tests are unfair and discriminatory against non English speakers and students with special needs. According to the late Gerald W. Bracey, PhD and education researcher, there are certain qualities that standardized tests cannot measure, such as critical thinking, creativity, motivation, resilience, curiosity, persistence, reliability, endurance, empathy, enthusiasm, self-discipline, self-awareness, civic-mindedness, leadership, compassion, courage, sense of beauty, resourcefulness, honesty, sense of wonder and integrity. High Stakes Testing Pros and Cons. Through standardized testing, we can identify the areas of an educational system that need to evolve so we can put modern learning opportunities into the hands of our students. These two … Continue Reading "The Pros and Cons of Standardized Testing" We can improve that be looking at additional key points like these. '” [70], Students are tested on grade-appropriate material, but they are not re-tested to determine if they have learned information they tested poorly on the year before. On pros and cons: “Pros: Standardized assessments provide a snapshot of how well a student is learning state standards. It’s true that computer grading can eliminate the subjectivity of the grade. [61], Chris Stewart, CEO of brightbeam, summarizes, “We only know that there’s a difference between White students and Black students and other students of color because we have the data. Standardized testing leads to less time learning, a more narrow curriculum and more time overall taking tests. A low score might even result in summer tutoring, which ruins the idea of a summer vacation from school. Simultaneously, the other side believes that a one-size-fits-all approach to student evaluation can be uncompromising and even biased. Teachers’ grading practices are naturally uneven and subjective. With a poor standardized test score, students can think less of themselves and their abilities. They argue standardized tests are useful metrics for teacher evaluations. It encourages kids to work together. Differential item functioning will flag that question as problematic.” [57], Moulon continued, explaining, “What’s cool about psychometrics is that it will flag stuff that a human would never be able to notice. Here are the advantages and disadvantages of this type of exam, according to proponents and opponents. In the USA, American students begin taking a standardized test in primary school. Students feel the pressure when it comes to performing well on tests. Within the past decade most states have adopted standardized statewide testing programs to measure student achievement—and there's more at stake than just grades. Although studying opportunities do tend to decline with standardized testing, kids often approach a standardized test as a local competition. Death Penalty – Should the Death Penalty Be Allowed? Parents can also see how the educational opportunities in their region compare to national statistics. 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