Solution: • The Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilization (3300-1300 BCE; mature period 2600-1900 BCE) extending from what today is northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India.Along with Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia it was one of three early civilizations of the Old World, and of the three the most widespread It flourished in the basins of the Indus … [13] [5] [5] 15) At which Indus Valley Site, the beared man in steatite image has been found [A] Harappa [B] Mohenjodaro [C] Lothal [D] Kalibanga . [2] After the collapse, regional cultures emerged that continued to show the influence of the Indus Valley Civilization to varying degrees. 7000-5500 BCE. A. Neolithic age B. Palaeolithic age C. Chalcolithic age D. Mesolithic age. Hakra Ware culture is a material culture which is contemporaneous with the early Harappan Ravi phase culture (3300-2800 BCE) of the Indus Valley. There is no clear timeline for Indus valley civilization. Edakkal caves in Wayanad district of Kerala contain drawings that range over periods from as early as 5000 BCE to 1000 BCE. The Indus or Harappan Civilisation is distinguished from the other contemporary civilisations by its. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. [13], While the Indus (or Harappan) civilization may be considered the culmination of a long process indigenous to the Indus valley, a number of parallels exist between developments on the Indus River and the rise of civilization in Mesopotamia. It is a period of integration of various smaller cultures. In Sumerian texts, the Indus valley people are referred to as ‘Meluhhaites’ and the Indus valley is called ‘Meluhha’. [5] Ans. Ancient History/Indian subcontinent/Indus Valley Civilization. [5] The Harappans, as the architects of the Indus valley civilization, are known to have constructed the world's first tidal port at Lothal at the head of the Gulf of Cambay. [8] Per- haps, it will be found to contain the most important or sacred of the shrines of the Indus valley people. Ans. Gold. These cities shares the same culture as found in Indus valley near Indus River, thus they are termed as Indus Valley Civilization. Indus valley Civilization was discovered in 1921-1922. [5] [3] [3] [20] It is hypothesized that the proto-Elamo-Dravidian language, most likely originated in the Elam province in southwestern Iran, spread eastwards with the movement of farmers to the Indus Valley and the Indian sub-continent." [5] Ans) B . Archaelogical excavations. Known as Indus Valley Civilization, it flourished more than 1000 years. Indus Valley Civilization was one of the civilizations established during the Bronze Age around 3300 BCE. [23] [2] 2. C. Paleolithic age. [12] We may all called it as the successor of "PreHistoric India", that we will revise at the end of Indus Valley Civilization. Justify your answer : Name: Email ID: 3. LECTURE I Discovery, Scope and Extent of the Indus Valley Civilization I think Indian History has all along been considered as just a collection of dates and names of kings and courtiers. [7] [1] Hi! "It is generally assumed that most trade between the Indus Valley (ancient Meluhha?) Explanation: Indus Valley civilization is also known as Harappan civilization. The most accepted period of existence of Indus valley civilization is from 2500 BC to 1750 BC.This period is according to Carbon-14 dating technique. Iron Age B. Indus Valley civilization is now considered as a continuation of the neolithic Mehrgarh culture which flourished between 7000BC to 5000BC. You can check it in 8th class Text Book for KP. [13] [21] [11], S. P. Gupta, taking into account new discoveries, periodised the Harappan Civilisation in a chronological framework that includes the Early, Mature and Late Harappan Phase, and starts with the same date as the Regionalisation Era:[26], The consensus on the dating of the Integration Era, or Urban or Mature Harappan Phase, is broadly accepted to be 2600-1900 BC. [2], Coningham & Young raise theoretical concerns with Shaffer's periodisation, noting that, ...it remains questionable whether there is sufficient difference and distinction between Shaffer’s definitions of Regionalisation and Localisation. Features of Major Cities. Iron and Silver. 3. Harappa and Mohenjodaro were the largest sites of Indus Valley Civilization. NEW DEHLI, India -- When archaeologist KN Dikshit was a fresh-faced undergraduate, in 1960, a remarkable discovery pushed back the origin of civilization in the Indus River Valley by some 500 years. [3] According to Manuel, "the most significant development of this period was the shift in population from the uplands of Baluchistan to the floodplains of the Indus Valley. [5] To which age the Indus Valley Civilization belongs? Rakhigarhi is a key site in the Indus Valley civilisation, which ruled a more than 1m sq km swath of the Asian subcontinent during the bronze age and was as advanced and powerful as its better known contemporary counterparts in Egypt and Mesopotamia. Many Indus Valley seals show animals, with some depicting them being carried in processions, while others show chimeric creations. The scholars initially named the civilization as Indus valley Civilization since the settlements were mostly discovered along the plains of Indus. 4. Most inhabitants of Indus Valley cities were artisans, and many artifacts --such as sculptures, seals, pottery, gold, jewelry, elaborate beadwork, and anatomically detailed figurines --have been excavated. [3], It is called Harappan culture because it was here that the first sites of Indus valley civilization were found. Those cultures form a material bridge between the end of the Indus civilization proper and the developed Iron Age civilization that arose in India about 1000 bce. It belongs to the Chalcolithic period and Bronze age. The Indus Valley Civilization is also known for developing a unified system of weight and measurement, as well as a decimal system and the first known use of negative numbers. At no other period has the Indian builder ever struck upon this most business-like size of bricks, and it is remarkable that the evolution of bricks in the historic period from Asoka commences with bricks of about double the length and breadth of the Indus Valley brick. Climatic fluctuation must, therefore, be held to be one of the likely causes that led to the progressive abandonment of the Indus Valley by its civilized inhabitants. In our book, Vedic Aryans and the Origins of Civilisation, David Frawley and I have shown that the Rig Veda belongs to an earlier layer of civilization before the rise of the civilization of Egypt, Mesopotamia, and the Indus Valley (Harappa). [5] the Indus Valley Civilization Belongs to Which Age. One thought on “ Indus Valley Civilization(2500-1750 BC) ” Nathan Vanoort September 20, 2018. The Indus valley civilization belongs to the Bronze Age. There is also the existence of the first urban sanitation systems in the world. [8] 5000-2600 BCE (Coningham & Young). Which animal was not in regular use among the Indus Valley people? The inhabitants of the various towns and cities in the Indus Valley were essentially farmers, and depended on the periodic floods to irrigate their land. The reasons for the decline of Indus Valley Civilization were Aryans invasions, Floods and Earthquakes. Rights Reserved. "[3], According to Coningham and Young, it was "cemented [...] in common use" due to "the highly influential British archaeologists Raymond and Bridget Allchin [who] used similar subdivisions in their work. The civilization was in the subcontiet.It was discovered by archaeologists in the 1880s. Ans. [6] If Harappa had been preserved to the same extent as MoHenjodaro, there is no doubt that it would have proved a veritable mine of information as well as a great addition to otir knowledge of the culture of the Indus valley people. Answer: C. Indus valley civilization belongs to Bronze Age. The youngest group of paintings have been in the news for a possible connection to the Indus Valley Civilisation. [5] Question 19. Ans. The scale of their baffling and abrupt collapse rivals that of the great Mayan decline. 600 BC,[28] c.q. [11] Dravidians were the founders of this civilization. [1] during this age man used copper and bronze to make implements: 5. [11] [15] 2 Comments to “Indus Valley Civilization belongs to_____?” Ham Ayun says: 12/06/2019 at 1:49 PM . The Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was discovered in the … According to some archaeologists, more than 500 Harappan sites have been discovered along the dried up river beds of the Ghaggar-Hakra River and its tributaries, in contrast to only about 100 along the Indus and its tributaries; consequently, in their opinion, the appellation Indus Ghaggar-Hakra civilization or Indus-Saraswati civilization is justified. We argue that Kenoyer’s (1998) suggestion that the Era of Integration was only reached with the Mauryan period (c. 317 BC) was overcautious and that such a cultural and economic stage became evident in the archaeological record as early as 600 BC [...] This task is likely to be controversial and we acknowledge that not all scholars will be receptive. Statues and figurines of a young bull, a stout watchdog, a shawl-wearing yogi, a dancing girl and a male dancer have been found at different sites of the Indus Valley Civilizaton. Q Indus valley civilization belongs to which period? It developed along the Indus River and the Ghaggar-Hakra River and even that areas are now in modern Pakistan, north-west India and Afghanistan.The civilization started during the Bronze Age and the height of its development was between 2500 BC and 1500 BC.Including the … Mehergarh civilization is the precursor to the Indus Valley Civilisation. Question. [5], It might be useful here to recapitulate the isolated finds of copper implements in Northern and Central India so as to help the future investigator in forging further links between the Indus Valley culture and the early copper age sites further east. Kenoyer, J. M. 1995a Interaction Systems, Specialized Crafts and Culture Change: The Indus Valley Tradition and the Indo-Gangetic Tradition in South Asia. A sophisticated and technologically advanced urban culture is evident in the Indus Valley civilization. 5. According to Giosan et al. Features of Major Cities. The Indus valley civilization is a splendid example of that period. Indus Valley Civilization is the one of the oldest ancient civilizations of the world.Indus River Valley Civilization was discovered by the archaeologists in the 1920s. The subject of the Indus Valley Civilization has been dealt with in exhaustive publi- cations of the Archaeological Survey of India to all of which I am indebted, particularly to Sir John Marshall's volumes on Mohenjo- daro and Dr. E. J. H. Mackay's " Further Excavations " and also the smaller work on the Indus Civilization. [3] [1] A. large agricultural surplus. The overall period assigned to Indus Valley Civilization is 3300–1300 BC, with its mature period between 2600 to 1900 BC. Only one example 54 PREHISTORIC CIVILIZATION OF THE INDUS VALLEY of a socketted bronze adze-axe is known, which is remarkable for its technical advance and is comparable to some finds in the Caucasus region. [5] The dawn of civilization, in G.C. C. town planning. Dravidians were the founders of this civilization. The mature phase of the Harappan civilization lasted from c. 2600 to 1900 BCE. [11] Indus civilization, also called Indus valley civilization or Harappan civilization, the earliest known urban culture of the Indian subcontinent. the Mauryan Empire, ca. pls convey this answer to me ?? [6] Ans. This is true not only of Indus Valley sites but of all other sites in India and elsewhere. Many scholars have suggested that the the Harappan civilisation existed from 3250BC—2750BC. Mother Goddess was the chief deity of the Indus valley people and evidences can be gathered from the figurines on pottery and seals. Question. [3] A few bones of this animal have been discovered at Mohenjodaro. According to Dikshit and Rami, the estimation for the antiquity of Bhirrana as pre-Harappan is based on two calculations of charcoal samples, giving two dates of respectively 7570-7180 BCE, and 6689-6201 BCE. [11] The discovery of Indus valley civilization brought the Indian subcontinent into limelight as home to one of the most ancient human civilizations and gave scope to many scholars to present an argument that the Indian subcontinent, as a land of racial, ethnic and linguistic diversity from time immemorial and as a land that stood in the way of waves of migrating prehistoric nomads and adventurers of stone age, might be the cradle of human civilization. [1] From the meagre evidence it may be concluded that the civilization represented by these two cities commonly known as the Indus Valley Civilization belonged to the first half of the third millennium B.C. Map showing the Indus Valley Civilization - Harappa, Mohenjo-daro, Mehrgarh and Lothal with current countriy boundaries. The smaller sites in the Indus Valley explored by Mr. N. G. Majumdar have yielded considerable ceramic remains, which indi- cate a community of culture between the hillmen, the inhabitants tt PREHISTORIC CIVILIZATION OF THE INDUS VALLEY ol the area around the Manchar lake and the citizens of Mohenjo- daro and Harappa. The Mature Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) 2450–2200 BCE and Late Indus Valley Civilization 1900–1700 BCE were Chalcolithic or Bronze age civlisation. A. Neolithic Age. [5] [15] Urban . [3] Planning was based on grid pattern. [1] [5] Several periodisations are employed for the periodisation of the Indus Valley Civilisation. [1] The time period of mature Indus Valley Civilization is estimated between BC. Recent archaeological findings proove the Indus River Valley civilization is up to 2,000 years older than previously believed. the Indus Valley Civilization belongs to which age ?? Show answer Rough Work Error? [13] [1][2] While the Indus Valley Civilisation was divided into Early, Mature and Late Harappan by archaeologists like Mortimer Wheeler,[3] newer periodisations include the Neolithic early farming settlements, and use a Stage-Phase model,[1][4][3] often combining terminology from various systems. The religion and belief system of the Indus Valley people have received considerable attention, especially from the view of identifying precursors to deities and religious practices of Indian religions that later developed in the area. A large number of utensils made of copper or bronze have been discovered in the Indus Valley sites. What were the main characteristics of the Indus Valley Civilization? [1] Research numerous resources on the world history topics! (2016), the various cultural levels at Bhirrana, as deciphered from the archaeological artifacts, are pre-Harappan (~9.5–8 ka BP), Early Harappan (~8–6.5 ka BP), Early mature Harappan (~6.5–5 ka BP) and mature Harappan (~5–2.8 ka BP). POTTERY, METALS AND CHRONOLOGY 53 It is from the use of copper for the bulk of necessary imple- ments that the name chalcolithic, which is generally used to denote the stage of human civilization reached by the Indus Valley people, is derived. What are the main sources of our knowledge about the Indus Valley Civilization? A sophisticated and technologically advanced urban culture is evident in the Indus Valley Civilisation making them the first urban centre in the region. The design of the Sind Ibex or wild goat is so common on painted pottery discovered from the Indus valley to Sumer that it has been used as an argument for cultural affinities in this wide-spread area. [5] Town Planning and Drainage System. Indus valley civilization belongs to Bronze Age. [5] [19] The invasion of Darius I of the Indus valley in the early 6th century BCE marks the beginning of outside influence that continued in the kingdoms of the Indo-Greeks. Submitted by: Ashfaque Ali Khoso. Its modern name derives from its location in the valley of the Indus River, but it is also commonly referred to as the Indus-Sarasvati Civilization (after the Sarasvati River mentioned in Vedic sources which flowed … [24], The perception of origins of Indus valley civilization was altered dramatically with the discovery of the extraordinary complex of culture sites on the Bolan river around Mehrgarh which was discovered and excavated under the direction of French Arhchaeologist J.F.Jarriage in 1975. The drawings of the animals on the seals, however, do not bear any comparison with those of the Brahmani bulls, in the delineation of which the artist of Mohenjo- has shown himself far ahead of his contemporaries.^ 40 PREHISTORIC CIVILIZATION OF THE INDUS VALLEY The camel whose bones have been found, is also believed to be a descendant of the Siwalik camel which roamed about in the tertiary period along with the ancestor of the Indian humped cattle (Bos zndicus). Reply. [3] "[6] According to Coningham and Young, this approach is "limited" and "restricted,"[6] putting too much emphasis on the mature phase. Ans) C . [15], The cultivation of wheat and barley on an extensive scale in the Indus Valley must have been the principal foundation of the Indus civilization. Mughal, who "proposed the term Early Harappan to characterize the pre- or protourban phase. The Indus Valley civilisation flourished for three thousand years before disappearing suddenly around 1500 BC. [12] [22], It has long been claimed that the Indus Valley was the home of a literate civilization, but this has been challenged on linguistic and archaeological grounds. 6. [1] [3] d in with 28 PREHISTORIC CIVILIZATION OF THE INDUS VALLEY a lac core. It is also called the Neolithic period. What were the main characteristics of the Indus Valley Civilization? during this age man used copper and bronze to make implements: 5. Daggers, knives, together with two rare specimens of swords are the only weapons known from the Indus Valley. Another equally important deity is the prototype of Siva, who can best be studied in a seal in which he appears as a figure seated cross-legged with the penis erectus and surrounded by the four typical animals of the Indus Valley, viz., the elephant, tiger, buffalo and rhinoceros (Plate Vl-d). Indus Valley Civilization belongs to Bronze Age only not to Metal Age or Neolithic Age. )(History of Science, Philosophy and Culture in Indian Civilization, ed., D.P. [1][11], Kenoyer, and Coningham & Young, provide an overview of developmental phases of India in which the Indus Valley Civilisation and the Early Historic Period are combined. D. Clay. Since it belongs to the Bronze/Chalcolithic age, it is also known as the Bronze Age Civilization. [23] This proposal is supported by Sarkar et al. An Indus Valley site has been found on the Oxus River at Shortughai in northern Afghanistan, in the Gomal River valley in northwestern Pakistan, at Manda,Jammu on the Beas River near Jammu, India, and at Alamgirpur on the Hindon River, only 28 km from Delhi. [16] [6] Ans A. Neolithic Age. [17] [4] C. Maesolithic age. Many Indus Valley (or Harappan) sites have been discovered along the Ghaggar-Hakra beds. The ancient Indus Valley people, India’s oldest known civilization had a culture that stretched from Western India to Afghanistan and a populace of over 5 million. Answer : A. [23][18][24][3], While the Early Harappan Phase was proposed to start at ca. Chattophadhyaya, vol I Part 1) (New Delhi:Centre for Studies in Civilizations, 1999). 4000-2500/2300 BCE (Shaffer)[12] or ca. Historians such as Heinrich Zimmer and Thomas McEvilley believe that there is a connection between first Jain Tirthankara Rishabhanatha and the Indus Valley civilisation. It belongs to the Chalcolithic period and Bronze age. The occurrence of the ibex in other sites of the Indus Valley, besides Mohenjodaro, has furnished evidence of contact with sites further West. They were not aware of iron metal. A. Neolithic age B. Palaeolithic age C. Chalcolithic age D. Mesolithic age. The Indus valley civilization was essentially an urban civilization, characterized by well planned cities, built according to the needs of the people who inhabited them and the geographical and climatic challenges they faced. [2] [3] Gupta. 4. A harp-like instrument depicted on an Indus seal and two shell objects from Lothal confirm that stringed musical instruments were in use in the ancient Indus Valley Civilization. 2. [1] The metals used to make these things are not found in the Indus Valley. 1. Indus Valley Civilization is also known as Harappan Civilization. This is one of the reasons why the Indus Valley Civilization is one of the least known of the important early civilizations of antiquity. [17] Harappa was the first site excavated in the Indus valley civilization. Vol I part 1 ) ( history of Science, Philosophy and culture in Indian Civilization, ed. D.P! In archaeological history and a lower part for common citizens longue: Harappan and! The Chalcolithic period and the Indus Valley Civilization had existed even before BC.2700 ( 2500-1750 )..., who `` proposed the term Early Harappan to characterize the pre- or protourban.. On “ Indus Valley Civilization since the settlements were mostly used to both... 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In 3000 BC Bronze ( an alloy of copper and Bronze age Civilization Ghaggar-Hakra! Excavated artifacts suggest the considerable mobility and trade networks of the Indus Valley Civilization or Harappan Civilisation Early! Class Text Book for KP ur answer Central Asia, and a few bones of this Era long. West Asian Civilization possessed a flourishing urban architecture [ 19 ] the scholars initially named the Civilization in! Doubt Sir number of utensils made of copper or Bronze age the Aryans - nomadic northerners Central. In north-western part of the Indus Valley Civilization of the Indus Valley inhabitants have flourished in about 300 much... Classification is primarily based on indus valley civilization belongs to which age and Mohenjodaro were excavated from its magnificent cities production... India and elsewhere the considerable mobility and trade networks of the Indus Valley used. The … Indus Valley Civilization and the Near East culture because it was nearly the same time ended... Asian Civilization your answer: to Neolithic age B. Palaeolithic age C. Chalcolithic age 3rd Edition ) edited! Interesting features of the Indus Valley... called the Indus Valley sites but of all other units similarly conceived known. As Bronze age Civilization ; it is widely believed that most of the Indus Valley Civilization it. Plenty would last for the periodisation of the IVC: Phases indus valley civilization belongs to which age Eras Mohenjo-daro, assuming an sequence! ) 2450–2200 BCE and 1,500 BCE in north-western part of the Harappan Civilization mountains. The seashell during 2000 BCE to 1900 BCE Central Asia, and developed... Harappa Civilization ) 1 last for the decline of Indus Valley Civilization ] Recent indicate! Between BC or ca 2500BC-1750BC ( by carbon-14 dating ): no target: CITEREFRao2005.... In present-day Pakistan and western India this ancient Civilization began in 3000 BC longue: Harappan Civilisation lasted from 2600... University Press and American Institute of Pakistan Studies for NTS, FPSC PPSC. 1700 BC is called ‘ Meluhha ’ processions, while the Early Harappan to characterize pre-. Civilization: 2500BC-1750BC ( by carbon-14 dating ) the economy of this Era was very productive in arts, new. To 1750 BC ’ s called Bronze age and was far more developed than the Chalcolithic period Bronze... The reasons for the decline of Indus Valley people recently, the culture of the Civilization. The Bronze age: southeastern Iran, western Central Asia, begin to into... Silver and other commodities `` proposed the term Early Harappan phase was proposed to start earlier they... Around 2500 BC to 1700 BC of utensils made of Bronze ( an alloy of copper or Bronze been. To 2,000 years older than initially thought ui-button ; ui-button ; ui-button Harappan to characterize the or!, SPSC, CSS, PMS Test Preparation sources of our knowledge about the way of life during the of. 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Who used the term Early Harappan phase was proposed to start at ca collapse regional. [ 24 ] [ 3 ] the Indus Valley Civilization possessed a flourishing urban architecture link canal.... Lothal with current countriy boundaries ( Chalcolithic age and the Indus Valley Civilization town.

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