Section 6: Language and traditional affiliations The Martuthunira language group from the Pilbara region of Western Australia have a four-section system. This is seen in the so-called ‘skin system’, a method of subdividing the society into named categories which are related to one another through the kinship system. Skin Names – A skin name is similar to a surname as it indicates a person’s blood line. Skin Groups are Aboriginal Australian systems of organising clans of people to prevent inbreeding, to delegate responsibilities and to assign roles in cultural ceremonies. Once a person's subsection group is known, their relationship to any other Lardil can be determined. Australian Aboriginal Kinship - The Subsection or 'skin Name' System - Systems With Four Skin Groups (section Systems) - Martuthunira. * Hansen, K.C. The variety of English used by many Australian Aboriginal people employs kinship terms in ways that are based on their equivalents in Australian Aboriginal languages. Generations of women, however, cycle through four subsections before arriving back at the starting point. Australian Aboriginal art is the oldest unbroken tradition of art in the world dating back at least 85,000 years. You will notice in the chart below that the same skin names are spelled differently across different languages and dialects, eg. Each of these is represented by people of a number of different groups (each with their own lands, languages and philosophies) through their hereditary estates – so many things are either Yirritja or Dhuwa: Fish, stone, river, sea etc., belongs to one or the other moiety. Every Yindjibarndi person is born into a skin group which is determined by the skin group of their mother (in most cases). The Eastern and Central Arrernte skin system has 8 skin groups (see right) Responsibilities: Aboriginal people are born into the responsibility to care for their country - 'ampere'. (1984) A Learner’s Guide to Eastern and Central Arrernte . NT town of Katherine in native title tug-of-war between two Aboriginal clan groups. Sydney : Allen and Unwin. Sign In Register. The whole tribe may be divided into 2, 4, 6, or 8 parts. Systems of law covering social interactions in Australian Aboriginal societies, Systems with eight groups (subsection systems), Some common kinship terms used in Aboriginal English. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander are two indigenous groups in Australia. Outsiders who have significant interaction with such groups may be given a 'skin name', commonly based on the people they have interacted with and the types of interaction. There is no denying that. 0 + Follow - Unfollow 4px arm (Classic) Background aboriginal footymaster113. Australian Aboriginal peoples - Australian Aboriginal peoples - Kinship, marriage, and the family: The smooth operation of social life depended on obedience to religious precepts and on the operation of kinship, which was the major force regulating interpersonal behaviour. Alice Springs : IAD Press. This activity is a simulation of how Skin Groups work, helping pupils to understand the dynamics involved in this Aboriginal social structure. they flesh) ‘their side’ (Goddard 1996) – but don’t use skin names. The parenting role places great importance on letting the child know who they are in relation to their family, their kin, their people, their environment and the living spirits of their ancestors and land. * Hoogenraad, R. (1997) On writing and pronouncing Central Australian Aboriginal Languages. A national map of cultural groups Aboriginal Australia is available from the Koorie Heritage Trust or direct from the publisher, the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies in Canberra (www.aiatsis.gov.au). Alice Springs : IAD Press. The Warlpiri system is almost the same: The Kunwinjku of Western Arnhem Land have a similar system; male forms begin with "Na", the female forms with "Ngal":[4]. Tyson Mowarin has created a new card game based on Indigenous skin groups and cultural governance. Martuthunira. More information. In order to function within a large language group … Skin is passed down by a person's parents to their children. Shami Sivasubramanian. Posted Wed Wednesday 20 Sep September 2017 at 2:58am Wed Wednesday 20 … Etherington, Steven; Etherington, Narelle, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Kunwinjku Kunwok : a short introduction to Kunwinjku language and society, Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islanders, Australian Aboriginal Progress Association, National Congress of Australia's First Peoples, Office of the Registrar of Indigenous Corporations, Northern Territory National Emergency Response, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Australian_Aboriginal_kinship&oldid=999317718, Marriage, unions and partnerships in Australia, Articles needing additional references from February 2008, All articles needing additional references, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [2] (The spelling l.y indicates that the letters represent two distinct phonemes, and are not a digraph). It is an integral part of the culture of every Aboriginal group across Australia, and particularly important with regard to marriages between Aboriginal people. Skin names can also be used to refer to someone who is absent and whose identity is understood by the context. More information. The four groups for Yindjibarndi people are Banaga, Balyirri, Burungu and Garimarra. A Skin group is the subdivision of societies/communities into named categories. Every Yindjibarndi person is born into a skin group which is determined by the skin group of their mother (in most cases). I love this fact because it goes against the idea that one group or culture must look a certain way or stay in a certain category. Clan groups share a common language and kinship system, which is based on either patrilineal or matrilineal lines of descent. This can be a source of confusion if a range of ad hoc spellings is used. References View article sources (7) No statistically significant increasing or decreasing trend was observed in the melanoma of the skin incidence rate for Indigenous Australians from 1998 to 2013 and the mortality rate for Indigenous Australians from 1998 to 2015. * Green, J. This means that a woman has the same subsection name as her (matrilineal) great-great-grandmother. Aboriginal people throughout south-eastern and western Australia wore skin cloaks, as these temperate zones were much cooler than the northern parts of Australia. 2 0 1. Alternative form of skin group 2008, Heide Smith & Brian Oram Smith, Portrait of a People: The Tiwi of Northern Australia, →ISBN: The skin-group, or “yiminga” of a Tiwi is matrilineal; it is inherited from the mother and determines the marriage line. Warlpiri, Warumungu, Pintupi-Luritja and Pintupi. 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