Standardized testing is a controversial topic among teachers, parents, voters, and students. Cons of standardized tests are as follows: Test scores might impact on the confidence of the students. 1) Standardized testing gives teachers guidance to help them determine what to teach students and when to teach it. There’s almost certain to be a significant mismatch between what’s taught and what’s tested.” [81], Margaret Pastor, PhD, Principal of Stedwick Elementary School in Maryland, stated: “[A]n assistant superintendent… pointed out that in one of my four kindergarten classes, the student scores were noticeably lower, while in another, the students were outperforming the other three classes. While studies find a negative relationship between test preparation and instructional quality, some experts believe that concerns about teaching to the test may be exaggerated. I don’t give any multiple choice tests in our homeschool. Standardized tests only measure a fraction of what a student has learned. Are standardized test truly a fair assessment of student’s abilities or not? Even though educators, parents and policymakers might think change signals impact, it says much more about the change in who the students are because it is not measuring the growth of the same student from one year to the next.” [71], Further, because each state develops its own tests, standardized tests are not necessarily comparable across state lines, leaving nationwide statistics shaky at best. Or at training students to apply creative thinking to solve messy and complex issues with no easy answers?” [73], The origin of American standardized tests are those created by psychologist Carl Brigham, PhD, for the Army during World War I, which was later adapted to become the SAT. Standardized testing cannot accurately show the academic abilities of a student. Pros: The benefits and advantages of standardized testing 1. Then, determine your stance (for, against, undecided, indifferent, etc.) School Uniforms – Should Students Have to Wear School Uniforms? (2020, December 7). Standardized testing is a common practice from grade school to graduate school, but are standardized tests effective? [63], Timothy Hilton, a high school social studies teacher in South Central Los Angeles, stated, “No self-respecting teacher would use a single student grade on a single assignment as a final grade for the entirety of a course, so why would we rely on one source of information in the determination of a teacher’s overall quality? Testing also is a helpful tool to inform parents and teachers on a student 's progress in class. In 1934, International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) hired a teacher and inventor named Reynold B. Johnson (best known for creating the world’s first commercial computer disk drive) to create a production model of his prototype test scoring machine. All rights reserved. 2. Ultimately, students’ futures and school funding rely on these standardized test scores. 4. This means a standardized test isn’t always an accurate reflection of the intelligence a student has. As Dan Goldhaber, PhD, Director of the Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research, and Umut Özek, PhD, senior researcher at the American Institutes for Research, summarize, “students who score one standard deviation higher on math tests at the end of high school have been shown to earn 12% more annually, or $3,600 for each year of work life in 2001… Similarly… test scores are significantly correlated not only with educational attainment and labor market outcomes (employment, work experience, choice of occupation), but also with risky behavior (teenage pregnancy, smoking, participation in illegal activities).” [67], Standardized test scores are easily influenced by outside factors: stress, hunger, tiredness, and prior teacher or parent comments about the difficulty of the test, among other factors. That allows students, even if they have a disability, to have a chance at experiencing the equality that comes from everyone taking the same test. based on the information you’ve reviewed. Simultaneously, the other side believes that a one-size-fits-all approach to student evaluation can be uncompromising and even biased. The Pros And Cons Of Standardized Testing 1839 Words | 8 Pages. This can also indicate how your local area is doing compared against the national landscape.3) Allows students’ progress to be tracked over the years. Select two pros and two cons of standardized testing. Students feel the pressure when it comes to performing well on tests. The Pros and Cons of Standardized Testing. Pros of Standardized Testing. Cons of standardized testing. Teacher evaluations should incorporate as many pieces of data as possible. It creates an accepted set of standards that are established throughout the entire educational community. It measures only a small portion of what makes education meaningful. Instead of teaching specific skills that are subject-related, they teach students how to take the test well instead. Some states even require high school students to take the ACT or SAT to graduate. However, some critics feel “that standardized tests allow administrators, teachers, and parents the opportunity to view solid evidence of the students’ performance, which in turn could lead to curriculum changes” (Banta, p.1). Teacher evaluations have been tied to standardized test results. Cons of standardized testing. On pros and cons: “Pros: Standardized assessments provide a snapshot of how well a student is learning state standards. Many people claim that standardized testing allows an accurate measurement of student progress and teacher effectiveness. We use test results, along with a slew of other data, to inform instruction for each child. Illegal Immigration – What Are the Solutions to Illegal Immigration in America? Death Penalty – Should the Death Penalty Be Allowed? It consumes more of instru… Girls tend to do less well than boys and perform better on questions with open-ended answers, according to a 2018 study by Stanford University’s Sean Reardon, which found that test format alone accounts for 25 percent of the gender difference in performance in both reading and math. Teachers also have conscious and unconscious biases for a favorite student or against a rowdy student, for example. 4. Standardized assessments give parents, students and staff the assurance that our students can and do perform at the highest levels. Should Students Have to Wear School Uniforms? The big question is, are standardized tests actually helping or hurting student learning? 22329. Pro: Identifying the Gifted. And it is unfair to say that just by luck of birth that a child born in Wellesley is somehow entitled to a higher-quality education… Testing is a tool for us to hold the system accountable to make sure our kids have what they need. The net result is less wasted instructional time and a simplified way of timeline management.2) Gives parents a good idea of how their children are doing as compared to students across the country and locally. Pros And Cons Of Standardized Testing 1464 Words | 6 Pages "Contrary to popular assumptions about standardized testing, the tests do a poor job of measuring student achievement" (Harris 1). The pros and cons of standardized tests. Proponents argue that standardized tests offer an objective measurement of education and a good metric to gauge areas for improvement, as well as offer meaningful data to help students in marginalized groups, and that the scores are good indicators of college and job success. 5. The researchers argue that all of these students require the same level of academic mastery to be successful after high school graduation.” [66], Standardized test scores have long been correlated with better college and life outcomes. The U.S. most recently ranked 23rd, 39th and 25th in reading, math and science, respectively. These data are used to advocate for greater resource equity in schools and more fair treatment for students of color, low-income students, students with disabilities, and English learners… [W]e cannot fix what we cannot measure. This further limits the learning potential of students, especially the gifted and talented students who would benefit from skill-based learning. Teachers can see what they need to teach and when they are able to teach it. based on the information you’ve reviewed. It promises big results that do not usually happen. Proper citation depends on your preferred or required style manual. According to the late Gerald W. Bracey, PhD and education researcher, there are certain qualities that standardized tests cannot measure, such as critical thinking, creativity, motivation, resilience, curiosity, persistence, reliability, endurance, empathy, enthusiasm, self-discipline, self-awareness, civic-mindedness, leadership, compassion, courage, sense of beauty, resourcefulness, honesty, sense of wonder and integrity. Standardized Testing – PROS […] Pros And Cons Of Standardized Testing 5/11/15 1:22PM As the American education system continues to place more emphasis on standardized testing to measure academic achievement, critics have argued that it can be more harmful than helpful to students’ development in the long run. [69] Instead, as Steve Martinez, EdD, Superintendent of Twin Rivers Unified in California, and Rick Miller, Executive Director of CORE Districts, note, each “state currently reports yearly change, by comparing the scores of this year’s students against the scores of last year’s students who were in the same grade. 5. However, many tips and tricks for how to approach standardized tests can be found online. 2. In doing so, the goal is to raise the testing scores that the teachers and students are able to achieve. Only two words, but a world of stress for teachers, students, and parents. The Pros and Cons of Standardized Testing. Pros of Standardized Testing. They argue standardized tests are useful metrics for teacher evaluations. Standardized testing is a controversial topic among teachers, parents, voters, and students. They can destroy a student’s self-esteem. ... Another potential problem with standardized testing is that it could stifle innovation. Social Media – Are Social Networking Sites Good for Our Society? The Pros And Cons Of Standardized Testing 1839 Words | 8 Pages. Last modified on December 7, 2020. In fact, students, parents and even teachers are opting out of the Common Core exams. Because standardized tests are graded by computers, they are much more impartial and accurate with the grades a student has truly earned. The pros and cons of standardized testing show that the amount of information that these tests can generate is invaluable. As Bryan Nixon, former Head of School at private school Whitby, noted, “When we receive standardized test data at Whitby, we use it to evaluate the effectiveness of our education program. Go through this following story to know more about the pros and cons of standardized tests. ], ProCon.org. With a puzzled look, she pointed to the prompt asking students to write about the qualities of someone who would deserve a “key to the city.” Many of my students, nearly all of whom qualified for free and reduced lunch, were not familiar with the idea of a ‘key to the city.’” [76], Wealthy kids, who would be more familiar with a “key to the city,” tend to have higher standardized test scores due to differences in brain development caused by factors such as “access to enriching educational resources, and… exposure to spoken language and vocabulary early in life.” [77] Plus, as Eloy Ortiz Oakley, MBA, Chancellor of California Community Colleges, points out, “Many well-resourced students have far greater access to test preparation, tutoring and taking the test multiple times, opportunities not afforded the less affluent… [T]hese admissions tests are a better measure of students’ family background and economic status than of their ability to succeed” [78], Journalist and teacher Carly Berwick explains, “All students do not do equally well on multiple choice tests, however. The information that is provided by a standardized test allows parents to see how their children are performing against national standards through a percentile rating. They assess students based on a similar set of questions, are given under nearly identical testing conditions, and are graded by a machine or blind reviewer. Then, determine your stance (for, against, undecided, indifferent, etc.) But here was the problem: The “underperforming” kindergarten teacher and the “high-performing” teacher were one and the same person.” [82]. The Pros And Cons Of Standardized Testing 1204 Words | 5 Pages. Black and Brown excellence is real, but just because a kid lives in Dorchester [Massachusetts] does not make his or her life is less valuable than a child that lives in Wellesley [Massachusetts]. The last time Americans celebrated being 23rd, 39th and 25th in anything was … well, never. It is a process which holds students and teachers accountable. This means teachers at every grade level are teaching curricula that is similar, no matter where they happen to be. The tests do not evaluate creativity, problem solving, critical thinking, artistic ability, or other knowledge areas that cannot be judged by scoring a sheet of bubbles filled in with a pencil. Their use is often touted because it allows students and teachers to be compared with one another, showing how well someone is performing or what educational gaps may need to be addressed. The Kansas Silent Reading Test (1914-1915) is the earliest known published multiple-choice test, developed by Frederick J. Kelly, a Kansas school director. 6. ], [Editor’s Note: The MLA citation style requires double spacing within entries. It’s not just that the designers have unconscious racial bias; the standardized testing industry depends on these kinds of biased questions in order to create a wide range of scores.” Choi offers an example from his own 10th grade class, “a student called me over with a question. Standardized testing does offer an alternate version of a test to accommodate some students. The pros and cons have been weighted heavily by parents and educators alike—with many left wondering whether or not implementing testing standards have hurt or helped students. We can improve that be looking at additional key points like these. 0. Every student is evaluated in the same way with these tests, which means there is a guarantee of a specific educational framework in every school. 1. One of the advantages of standardized testing centers on the fact that it has been very useful in the development and implementation of education policies and thereby, in regulating the education system within a particular jurisdiction. Select two pros and two cons of standardized testing. These two … Continue Reading "The Pros and Cons of Standardized Testing" The Pros And Cons Of Standardized Testing 1098 Words | 5 Pages. Other types of standardized testing are essay questions, short-answer question types or a combination of both. Because teacher evaluations are based on the results of standardized tests, it has caused many teachers to change their classroom approach. The teacher prepares and carries out the tasks associated with certain learning skills and uniformly applied across the students. W. 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