On 1 September, a protest organised by Britons in Hong Kong, demanding equal eights for British National (Overseas) took place outside the British Consulate in Hong Kong. [525] Subsequently, Lam's blanket denial of allegations of police brutality led to accusations that Lam and her administration endorsed police violence. Hong Kong is in turmoil. Media noted that protests in 2019 were driven by a sense of desperation rather than the optimism in 2014. Learn The History Behind Hong Kong’s Protests. This was criticised by many as a threat to fundamental political freedoms and civil liberties ostensibly enshrined in the Hong Kong Basic Law, and prompted some in the international community to re-evaluate their policies towards Hong Kong, which they deemed as no longer autonomous. [217][218] Meanwhile, pro-Beijing lawmaker Junius Ho was stabbed and his parent's grave was desecrated. [687] The UK had already stopped selling crowd control equipment to the HKPF. On one day, 16 June, up to 2 million people marched peacefully in the streets of Hong Kong. The Fugitive Offenders and Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Legislation (Amendment) Bill 2019 was first proposed by the government of Hong Kong in February 2019 in response to the 2018 murder of Poon Hiu-wing by her boyfriend Chan Tong-kai in Taiwan, which the two Hong Kongers were visiting as tourists. [349] Police officers who felt that their actions were not justified were marginalised. 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Hong Kong Mapping out the protest sites for history Architects document the culture and growth of Occupy Central zones. [567][568][569][570] With the passage of the national security law and the establishment of a national security hotline,[571] societal mistrust and stress is expected to increase. After the conflict at Chinese University and siege of the Polytechnic University, the unprecedented landslide victory of the pro-democracy camp in the District Council election in November and the COVID-19 pandemic in early 2020 brought a little respite. [531] According to some reports, their aggressive behaviours and tactics have caused them to become a symbol that represents hostility and suppression. [68] Protesters successfully stopped the LegCo from resuming second reading of the bill by surrounding the LegCo Complex. [614], Despite the government, the pro-Beijing camp and state media invoking the notion of a "silent majority" who opposed the protests, and urging citizens to cut ties with the "violent protesters", citizens generally favoured the pro-democratic camp and supported the protest movement. [128][129] After his death, protesters engaged in flash mob rallies against the police and attended vigils in various districts of Hong Kong. [546] Family relationships were strained, as children argued with their parents over their attending protests, either because they felt that the protests reflected outdated values, or they disagreed with their parent's political stance or the manner of the protests. … [170] Thousands of protesters showed up on July 1 to protest against the newly implemented law. [619], Reuters conducted polls in December 2019,[620] March 2020,[621] June 2020[622] and August 2020. [470] RTHK journalist Nabela Qoser, known for her blunt questioning of government officials at press conferences, was subjected to racist abuse online by pro-Beijing groups, prompting a statement of "grave concern" from the Equal Opportunities Commission. [52] Many protesters in Hong Kong were young and educated: Many of them were under the age of 30, and had received tertiary education. Lower consumer spending caused several luxury brands to delay shop openings, while other brands quit. In recent times, Hong Kong has become the site for one of the longest and largest mass protests in recorded history. [44], The polite Umbrella Revolution had provided inspiration and brought about a political awakening to some,[37][45] but its failure and the subsequent split within the pro-democratic bloc prompted a re-evaluation of strategy and tactics. [167], On 30 June, the NPCSC passed the national security law unanimously, without informing the public and the local officials of the content of the law. Hong Kong protests: The full story in infographics. https://www.amazon.com/City-Protest-History-Dissent-Specials/dp/0734399626 [d][370][371] An off-duty officer accidentally shot and injured a 15-year-old boy in Yuen Long on 4 October 2019 when he was assaulted by protesters who accused him of bumping into people with his car. He was later removed from handling all protest-related cases. They blamed the police for his death, though the police denied any involvement. [317] According to the Office of the Privacy Commissioner for Personal Data, as of 30 August 2019, the proportion of doxing cases involving police officers comprised 59% of all reported and discovered cases. [609], In August, 17 members from the Real Estate Developers Association of Hong Kong and the Chinese General Chamber of Commerce released statements condemning the escalating protests because of the instability they had brought to the city's economy and business community, as well as the negative effects on society as a whole. [561][562] A survey, on social media, of more than 1,000 people by the Chinese University of Hong Kong found that 38 per cent were troubled by depression-related problems. [547], As the protests continued to escalate, citizens showed an increasing tolerance towards confrontational and violent actions. [615] The 2019 Hong Kong District Council election, the first poll since the beginning of the protests, had been billed as a "referendum" on the government. [340] According to investigations by Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube, some attacks were coordinated, state-backed operations that were believed to have been carried out by agents of the Chinese government. [673], Some protesters fled to Taiwan to avoid prosecution. [563] Symptoms of PTSD were found not only to afflict protesters, but also those watching events unfold on the news, living in affected areas, or working in jobs that are related to the movement (nurses, doctors, reporters, police, and street cleaners). [486][487] In September 2020, the police further limited press freedom by narrowing the definition of "media representatives", meaning that student reporters and freelancers would have to face more risks when they are reporting. [611][612] On 30 October, Abraham Shek, a lawmaker representing the Real Estate and Construction constituency, supported the formation of an independent commission and said that the problem could not be resolved by addressing the severe housing shortage. [119][120][121] Carrie Lam invoked the Emergency Regulations Ordinance to impose a law to ban wearing face masks in public gatherings, attempting to curb the ongoing protests on 4 October. [300][228] The MTR Corporation became a target of vandalism after protesters had accused the railway operator of kowtowing to pressure by Chinese media,[301] Protestors also demanded the release of CCTV footage from the 2019 Prince Edward station incident amid fears that police may have beaten someone to death. [651] Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office director Zhang Xiaoming was demoted and replaced by Xia Baolong in February 2020. According to an article in the. [613] Tycoon Li Ka-shing took out a two-page advertisement in newspapers, urging people to "stop anger and violence in the name of love", and quoting a Chinese poem: "The melon of Huangtai cannot bear the picking again". [650], China further tightened its control in Hong Kong in 2020: on 4 January, the State Council dismissed Wang Zhimin from the role of director of the Hong Kong Liaison Office and appointed Luo Huining as his successor. As of October 15, 2019, the protests have begun their 19th consecutive week. [279] Different protesters adopted different roles. From 3 to 7 February 2020, hospital staff launched a labour strike with the same goal. The 2017 imprisonment of Hong Kong democracy activists further dashed the city's hope of meaningful political reform. [324][325][326][327] Following the Prince Edward station incident, pro-democracy protesters laid down white flowers outside the station's exit to mourn the "deceased" for weeks after rumours circulated on the internet alleging that the police had beaten people to death during the operation. The government used around 900 Twitter handles and five Facebook pages having a total follower of 15000 members to spread misinformation about the identity of the protestors. [618] The results were a resounding landslide victory for the pro-democracy bloc, as they saw their seat share increased from 30% to almost 88%, with a jump in vote share from 40% to 57%. 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