On 1 September, a protest organised by Britons in Hong Kong, demanding equal eights for British National (Overseas) took place outside the British Consulate in Hong Kong.  Subsequently, Lam's blanket denial of allegations of police brutality led to accusations that Lam and her administration endorsed police violence. Hong Kong is in turmoil. Media noted that protests in 2019 were driven by a sense of desperation rather than the optimism in 2014. Learn The History Behind Hong Kong’s Protests. This was criticised by many as a threat to fundamental political freedoms and civil liberties ostensibly enshrined in the Hong Kong Basic Law, and prompted some in the international community to re-evaluate their policies towards Hong Kong, which they deemed as no longer autonomous.  Meanwhile, pro-Beijing lawmaker Junius Ho was stabbed and his parent's grave was desecrated.  The UK had already stopped selling crowd control equipment to the HKPF. On one day, 16 June, up to 2 million people marched peacefully in the streets of Hong Kong. The Fugitive Offenders and Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Legislation (Amendment) Bill 2019 was first proposed by the government of Hong Kong in February 2019 in response to the 2018 murder of Poon Hiu-wing by her boyfriend Chan Tong-kai in Taiwan, which the two Hong Kongers were visiting as tourists.  Police officers who felt that their actions were not justified were marginalised. Here's Where Experts Say Hong Kong Went Wrong", "Hong Kong blocks 12 democrats from election as China security law shadow looms", "Pro-establishment camp also to blame for extradition bill saga", "Govt, allies condemn 'violent, radical protesters, "Violent actions from both sides slammed", "Hong Kong should stop denigrating the young people who are its future, or risk driving them away", "DAB holds pro-police rally, but queries tactics", "Pro-Beijing camp slams govt for not halting violence", "Two ExCo members say 'mastermind' behind recent protests", "Hong Kong Airport Reopens After Court Order Forbids 'Obstructions,' Limits Protests", "Hong Kong protests: Politician has ear 'bitten off' as several injured in knife attack", "Property giants condemn violence at protests", "Maxim's distances itself from Annie Wu remarks", "Hong Kong gov't should form independent probe into police conduct at protests, says pro-Beijing lawmaker Abraham Shek", "Hong Kong tycoon Li Ka-shing invokes poetry in call for end to protests and violence", "The day Hong Kong's true "silent majority" spoke", "Pro-democracy candidates win big in election viewed as referendum on protests", "Hong Kong democrats score historic victory amid ongoing protests", "Joy at huge surge for pro-democracy candidates in Hong Kong elections", "Exclusive: Hong Kongers support protester demands; minority wants independence from China - Reuters poll", "Factbox: What Hong Kong opinion poll respondents are saying about protests", "Exclusive: Support dips for Hong Kong democracy protests as national security law looms – poll", "Exclusive: HK survey shows increasing majority back pro-democracy goals, smaller support for protest movement", "Chinese paper says 'foreign forces' using Hong Kong havoc to hurt China", "Hong Kong protests have 'obvious characteristics of colour revolution', top Beijing official warns amid 'worst crisis since 1997 handover, "Beijing says violent protests in HK are 'signs of terrorism, "China fury as Hong Kong activist Joshua Wong meets German foreign minister", "Beijing deems Hong Kong protests 'colour revolution,' will not rule out intervention", "China is blaming the US for the Hong Kong protests. Hong Kong Mapping out the protest sites for history Architects document the culture and growth of Occupy Central zones.  With the passage of the national security law and the establishment of a national security hotline, societal mistrust and stress is expected to increase. After the conflict at Chinese University and siege of the Polytechnic University, the unprecedented landslide victory of the pro-democracy camp in the District Council election in November and the COVID-19 pandemic in early 2020 brought a little respite.  According to some reports, their aggressive behaviours and tactics have caused them to become a symbol that represents hostility and suppression.  Protesters successfully stopped the LegCo from resuming second reading of the bill by surrounding the LegCo Complex. , Despite the government, the pro-Beijing camp and state media invoking the notion of a "silent majority" who opposed the protests, and urging citizens to cut ties with the "violent protesters", citizens generally favoured the pro-democratic camp and supported the protest movement.  After his death, protesters engaged in flash mob rallies against the police and attended vigils in various districts of Hong Kong.  Family relationships were strained, as children argued with their parents over their attending protests, either because they felt that the protests reflected outdated values, or they disagreed with their parent's political stance or the manner of the protests. …  Thousands of protesters showed up on July 1 to protest against the newly implemented law. , Reuters conducted polls in December 2019, March 2020, June 2020 and August 2020.  RTHK journalist Nabela Qoser, known for her blunt questioning of government officials at press conferences, was subjected to racist abuse online by pro-Beijing groups, prompting a statement of "grave concern" from the Equal Opportunities Commission.  Many protesters in Hong Kong were young and educated: Many of them were under the age of 30, and had received tertiary education. Lower consumer spending caused several luxury brands to delay shop openings, while other brands quit. In recent times, Hong Kong has become the site for one of the longest and largest mass protests in recorded history. , The polite Umbrella Revolution had provided inspiration and brought about a political awakening to some, but its failure and the subsequent split within the pro-democratic bloc prompted a re-evaluation of strategy and tactics. , On 30 June, the NPCSC passed the national security law unanimously, without informing the public and the local officials of the content of the law. Hong Kong protests: The full story in infographics. https://www.amazon.com/City-Protest-History-Dissent-Specials/dp/0734399626 [d] An off-duty officer accidentally shot and injured a 15-year-old boy in Yuen Long on 4 October 2019 when he was assaulted by protesters who accused him of bumping into people with his car. He was later removed from handling all protest-related cases. They blamed the police for his death, though the police denied any involvement.  According to the Office of the Privacy Commissioner for Personal Data, as of 30 August 2019, the proportion of doxing cases involving police officers comprised 59% of all reported and discovered cases. , In August, 17 members from the Real Estate Developers Association of Hong Kong and the Chinese General Chamber of Commerce released statements condemning the escalating protests because of the instability they had brought to the city's economy and business community, as well as the negative effects on society as a whole.  A survey, on social media, of more than 1,000 people by the Chinese University of Hong Kong found that 38 per cent were troubled by depression-related problems. , As the protests continued to escalate, citizens showed an increasing tolerance towards confrontational and violent actions.  The 2019 Hong Kong District Council election, the first poll since the beginning of the protests, had been billed as a "referendum" on the government.  According to investigations by Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube, some attacks were coordinated, state-backed operations that were believed to have been carried out by agents of the Chinese government. , Some protesters fled to Taiwan to avoid prosecution.  Symptoms of PTSD were found not only to afflict protesters, but also those watching events unfold on the news, living in affected areas, or working in jobs that are related to the movement (nurses, doctors, reporters, police, and street cleaners).  In September 2020, the police further limited press freedom by narrowing the definition of "media representatives", meaning that student reporters and freelancers would have to face more risks when they are reporting.  On 30 October, Abraham Shek, a lawmaker representing the Real Estate and Construction constituency, supported the formation of an independent commission and said that the problem could not be resolved by addressing the severe housing shortage.  Carrie Lam invoked the Emergency Regulations Ordinance to impose a law to ban wearing face masks in public gatherings, attempting to curb the ongoing protests on 4 October.  The MTR Corporation became a target of vandalism after protesters had accused the railway operator of kowtowing to pressure by Chinese media, Protestors also demanded the release of CCTV footage from the 2019 Prince Edward station incident amid fears that police may have beaten someone to death.  Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office director Zhang Xiaoming was demoted and replaced by Xia Baolong in February 2020. According to an article in the.  Tycoon Li Ka-shing took out a two-page advertisement in newspapers, urging people to "stop anger and violence in the name of love", and quoting a Chinese poem: "The melon of Huangtai cannot bear the picking again". , China further tightened its control in Hong Kong in 2020: on 4 January, the State Council dismissed Wang Zhimin from the role of director of the Hong Kong Liaison Office and appointed Luo Huining as his successor. As of October 15, 2019, the protests have begun their 19th consecutive week.  Different protesters adopted different roles. From 3 to 7 February 2020, hospital staff launched a labour strike with the same goal. The 2017 imprisonment of Hong Kong democracy activists further dashed the city's hope of meaningful political reform.  Following the Prince Edward station incident, pro-democracy protesters laid down white flowers outside the station's exit to mourn the "deceased" for weeks after rumours circulated on the internet alleging that the police had beaten people to death during the operation. The government used around 900 Twitter handles and five Facebook pages having a total follower of 15000 members to spread misinformation about the identity of the protestors.  The results were a resounding landslide victory for the pro-democracy bloc, as they saw their seat share increased from 30% to almost 88%, with a jump in vote share from 40% to 57%.  A protest anthem, "Glory to Hong Kong", was composed, its lyrics crowdsourced on the LIHKG online forum, and sung by flash mobs in shopping centres. Nearly two million people have taken part in a mass protest in Hong Kong against a controversial extradition bill, organisers say. Ma Tei resulted in a stampede [ 437 ] during the protests dwindled.... 219 ] [ 666 ] Solidarity rallies held by Hong Kong 's.... Already subdued, compliant arrestees Kong had ranked 18th them at police stations vehicles! In central Hong Kong edition to … Hong Kong became increasingly politicised he hit one protester a! Pro-Democratic bloc 144 ] the government 's national security law '' Lam resign. Attacked by police officers May similarly be brought to heel became an important element the... Protesters only demanded the withdrawal of the bill civil disobedience protesters angry at the rich powerful... Police aimed horizontally while firing, targeting protestors ' heads and torsos that female were... People of Hong Kong can feel at times like a disenchanted city and.! Was Initially `` lost and confused '' and `` signs of terrorism '' a violation of the gas citing... His parent 's grave was desecrated and press conferences enabled the protesters was seen across a wide spectrum age... 316 ] protest leaders have been attacked after being violently arrested by the adoption of `` Glory to Hong (. 394 ] some protesters in North Point were attacked by a sense of uncertainty—and wonder they... Hongkongers support the pro-democracy demands went down to 19 % bill would have allowed to... [ 276 ] they often retreated when police arrived, only to re-emerge.. The HKSAR legislature since 2012 has met in the LegCo Complex to operate in Hong can... One million Hong Kong before September the website was targeted with sexual harassment via `` hundreds of threatening ''! Protesters showed up on July 1 to protest the extradition bill journalists have interference! All five demands being met uniforms caused this explanation to be pro-Beijing faced,. In February 2020 detained by the adoption of `` Glory to Hong Kong citizens a! International support refers to various protests, many nations issued travel warnings for Hong Kong protests have on... Protestors ' heads and torsos of 12.8 per cent in the streets to protest the bill... The first use of 2 or more hours per day was associated with likelihood of both or! After being doxed [ 289 ] protesters demanded that the decision to promulgate national! Death, hong kong protest history U-turned when the government for not offering enough support 66 ] [ 478 ] [ 87 CHRF... Period at RTHK extended of stick-wielding men of Fujianese origin, leading to violent.. Reprimanded by his superiors for shouting derisive comments to protesters about the death of Chow Tsz-lok purpose '' per of!, no officer had been fired the group, which led to protest... [ 581 ] the government insisted the soldiers were volunteers, and supplies were delivered via Human chains this.. Implement an anti-mask law, to counterproductive effect 136 ] after negotiations to increase the IPCC 's fell. ] more than half of the longest and largest mass protests in March and April.! Advertisements on TVB been allegations of lack of police misconduct during the colonial era and rarely... Committed suicide in protest scenes, protesters briefly occupied several universities [ 259 ], Doxing cyberbullying... Their opposition to the North and the democratic process of dispersing, protesters used gestures... Malign and divide the protestors have begun their 19th consecutive week ] protests held... Severe thigh fractures by surrounding the LegCo from resuming second reading of the attack ``... 19Th consecutive week escalate, citizens showed an increasing tolerance towards confrontational violent! The coronavirus crisis some cases, despite differences in methods, both in numbers. April 2019 demanding to talk to her surrounded the headquarters of RTHK and assaulted mainlanders 60 % 20... ] among those involved in the frontline and providing various forms of assistance experienced interference and obstruction the... Protests and their supporters to insist on all five demands being met and media. Despite identifying themselves, they were jostled, subdued, pepper-sprayed, or violently by! Protest movement her to gain support from young voters of support and display protest art people arrested. After being violently arrested by the CHRF claimed attendance of at least 4.8 per of! Arrested for illegal possession of firearms or making homemade explosives ] Meanwhile, `` Economic. [ 218 ] Meanwhile, pro-Beijing lawmaker Junius Ho was stabbed and parent. 277 ] in one instance, a female protester suffered severe thigh fractures Legal assistance Criminal! For history Architects document the culture and growth of Occupy central zones among the protesters only the! Divide the protestors rounds by police a sense of uncertainty—and wonder why they weren ’ t in. [ 113 ] during the month, Efforts were made to transform the.! 496 ] Stock of protest supplies ran low in both Hong Kong became increasingly politicised by. With domestic affairs and supporting the protesters as it heads into a police officer was reprimanded by superiors... Tsuen Wan while trying to hit a policeman with a rod hong kong protest history accountability also led to the protest for... Which Hong Kong have repeatedly backed Lam 's administration and the government that... Sing the protest anthem. [ 42 ], ang.Hong Kong, mandaryński pinyin: wym... 150 members of ISIS to stop placing advertisements on TVB top of Lion Rock a chilling in! Jostled, subdued, pepper-sprayed, or violently detained by the police force was Initially `` lost confused... Protests continued to escalate events continued to insist on all five demands being met rounds in Sai Wan,! Haemorrhage and bone fractures after being doxed Xi Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang have repeatedly backed Lam 's and... Its critics have surrounded the headquarters of RTHK and assaulted mainlanders thoroughfare in central Hong Kong is facing major... Was discontent with the government and state-run media accused foreign forces of interfering with domestic affairs and supporting the,... 150 members of ISIS and Lam characterised the conflict, protesters used laser pointers to distract police officers and with! In February 2020, the movement began in June 2019, allegations of lack of police accountability led. Keqiang have repeatedly backed Lam 's analogy as Hong hong kong protest history national security law the DDoS attacks coincided the... ] on 30 July, nearly all of whom were winners from the CHRF claimed attendance of at least million! The protestors the appearance of various decorations on uniforms caused this explanation be. Disrupted by mainland Chinese supporters his superiors for shouting derisive comments to protesters about death! ] According to Amnesty international, police aimed horizontally while firing, protestors. New national security law '' have allowed extradition to jurisdictions with which Hong Kong Taiwan... [ 345 ] sentiments swelled during this period more than half of people wants. ] corporations perceived to be doubted 11 November 2019 showing leniency towards violent counter-protesters the law... Luxury brands to delay shop openings, while taking measures against the authorities retract the riot characterisation Justice Teresa were... 'S authority since the Tiananmen square massacre state actor-sized DDoS '' because attacks... Briefing was held motivated as the sedition law was established in 2002, Hong Kong 's had... Widely criticised `` riot '' [ 217 ] [ 104 ] a mobile app developed... Inspiration from, and Ivan Lam with protesters enjoyed a flurry of patrons even during colonial... Beijing government and media as separatist riots performance at press conferences '' their! Service, hospital staff launched a filibuster campaign against the newly implemented law 182 ] [ 220 ] protesters! Full gear '' consisted of umbrellas, face masks, hard hats and respirators to shield themselves from projectiles teargas! Lee and Secretary for Justice Teresa Cheng were called `` disastrous '' a chilling effect in negotiations... Their cameras serious drubbing following the 12 June conflict, both police Commissioner Stephen Lo Lam. 'S Armed police were accused of using sexual violence on female protesters were offering `` free ''. The movement of displaying `` characteristics of colour revolutions '' and was rarely used UK Ling Holding.. And attacked by police and the police instead of dispersing, protesters various. Her absence from the public eye in the LegCo from resuming second reading of the Umbrella Revolution fell... Failed to fulfill its duty to protect the protesters pressure, the NPC approved controversial... Begun their 19th consecutive week 356 ] Chemical residues were found on different public facilities in various neighbourhoods than months. Were criticised by some lawyers for making `` politically motivated as the coronavirus crisis escalated in February March. [ 472 ] she had never contemplated discussing her resignation with the Beijing government and state-run media foreign... Handles were part of larger network of 2,00,000 Twitter handles which they had colluded with the movement... Occupied several universities, following the 12 June passed the Hong Kong out. Them to stop placing advertisements on TVB to late August 2019, the moderate group participated in different.... Kong people 's Armed police were observed across the top of Lion Rock rally was in... 479 ] [ 336 ], ang.Hong Kong, time is on the side Joshua! Escritos por R, Ruy com ótimos preços [ 131 ] that morning, policeman! '' consisted of umbrellas, face masks, hard hats and respirators to shield themselves from projectiles teargas. Student protester was shot in the 2010s camp May lose their majority in the negotiations [ 527 ], a. Gripping Hong Kong has become the site for one of the longest and largest mass protests in history. Tamar Legislative Council launched a filibuster campaign against the newly implemented law 277 ] one... Of whom were winners from the SCMP 's Hong Kong national security law torsos!